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Jian Zhang, Youcun Qi, Carrie Langston, Brian Kaney, and Kenneth Howard

distribution and sampling size errors . J. Atmos. Sci. , 26 , 566 – 569 , doi: 10.1175/1520-0469(1969)026<0566:RSDASS>2.0.CO;2 . Kingsmill, D. E. , Neiman P. J. , Moore B. J. , Hughes M. , Yuter S. E. , and Ralph F. M. , 2013 : Kinematic and thermodynamic structures of Sierra barrier jets and overrunning atmospheric rivers during a landfalling winter storm in northern California . Mon. Wea. Rev. , 141 , 2015 – 2036 , doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-12-00277.1 . Kitchen, M. , Brown R. , and Davies

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Deepti Joshi, Marco Carrera, Stephane Bélair, and Sylvie Leroyer

modeling perspectives . J. Geophys. Res. , 101 , 7209 – 7225 , doi: 10.1029/95JD02135 . Bluestein, H. B. , 1992 : Principles of Kinematics and Dynamics . Vol. 1, Synoptic-Dynamic Meteorology in Midlatitudes , Oxford University Press, 431 pp . Bontemps, S. , Defourney P. , Bogaert E. V. , Arino O. , Kalogirou V. , and Perez J. R. , 2011 : GLOBCOVER 2009: Product description and validation report. Université catholique de Louvain and ESA, 53 pp. [Available online at http

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Isidora Jankov, Lewis D. Grasso, Manajit Sengupta, Paul J. Neiman, Dusanka Zupanski, Milija Zupanski, Daniel Lindsey, Donald W. Hillger, Daniel L. Birkenheuer, Renate Brummer, and Huiling Yuan

) successfully produced synthetic imagery of the Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (SEVIRI) that is part of the Meteosat Second Generation ( MSG ) satellite. In their study, imagery was produced from output of version 2.2 of the WRF model that covered a relatively large domain. Traditionally, the performance of a numerical model has been evaluated by comparing simulated kinematic and/or thermodynamic fields to observed fields. For example, some of the fields may be surface winds, temperature

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Jessica M. Erlingis, Jonathan J. Gourley, Pierre-Emmanuel Kirstetter, Emmanouil N. Anagnostou, John Kalogiros, Marios N. Anagnostou, and Walt Petersen

, https://doi.org/10.1029/1999JD900123 . 10.1029/1999JD900123 Yuter , S. E. , and R. A. Houze Jr. , 1995 : Three-dimensional kinematic and microphysical evolution of Florida cumulonimbus. Part II: Frequency distributions of vertical velocity, reflectivity, and differential reflectivity . Mon. Wea. Rev. , 123 , 1941 – 1963 , https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1995)123<1941:TDKAME>2.0.CO;2 . 10.1175/1520-0493(1995)123<1941:TDKAME>2.0.CO;2 Zhang , J. , and Coauthors , 2016 : Multi-Radar Multi

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R. B. Smith, P. Schafer, D. Kirshbaum, and E. Regina

the Dominican Republic: Detailed airborne Doppler radar imagery. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. , 81 , 999 – 1018 . 10.1175/1520-0477(2000)081<0999:HGLITD>2.3.CO;2 Hence, D. A. , and Houze R. A. Jr. , 2008 : Kinematic structure of convective-scale elements in the rainbands of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita (2005). J. Geophys. Res. , 113 , D15108 . doi:10.1029/2007JD009429 . 10.1029/2007JD009429 Iverson, R. M. , 2000 : Landslide triggered by rain infiltration. Water Resour. Res. , 36

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F. Martin Ralph, Jason M. Cordeira, Paul J. Neiman, and Mimi Hughes

in California . Climate Dyn. , 38 , 411 – 429 , doi: 10.1007/s00382-010-0972-2 . Kingsmill, D. E. , Neiman P. J. , Moore B. J. , Hughes M. , Yuter S. E. , and Ralph F. M. , 2013 : Kinematic and thermodynamic structures of Sierra barrier jets and overrunning atmospheric rivers during a land-falling winter storm in Northern California . Mon. Wea. Rev. , 141 , 2015 – 2036 , doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-12-00277.1 . Lundquist, J. D. , Minder J. R. , Neiman P. J. , and Sukovich E. M

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Xinxuan Zhang, Emmanouil N. Anagnostou, and Humberto Vergara

hydrological model over the conterminous United States (CONUS) was employed for the flood simulations of this paper. The water balance component of CREST consists of a variable infiltration curve and a conceptual mechanism for surface and subsurface partitioning of excess rainfall. In this version of CREST, the subsurface portion of excess rainfall is routed with a linear reservoir model, while the surface portion is routed with the kinematic wave approximation of the Saint-Venant equations of one

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Charlotte M. Emery, Sylvain Biancamaria, Aaron Boone, Pierre-André Garambois, Sophie Ricci, Mélanie C. Rochoux, and Bertrand Decharme

final remark about this SA is that the following results are quite dependent on the chosen parameters along with their perturbation range, but also on the chosen model itself. Indeed, the TRIP model considers only the kinematic wave propagation equation for the river reservoir. Other studies include diffusive wave propagation equation ( Yamazaki et al. 2011 ; Winsemius et al. 2013 ) in their routing models along with a finer description of the topography and the flood dynamics. Even 2D

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Andreas Stohl and Paul James

the hydrological cycle. J. Climate , 6 , 161 – 167 . 10.1175/1520-0442(1993)006<0161:OTABOT>2.0.CO;2 Crimp, S. J. , and Mason S. J. , 1999 : The extreme precipitation event of 11 to 16 February 1996 over South Africa. Meteor. Atmos. Phys , 70 , 29 – 42 . 10.1007/s007030050023 D'Abreton, P. C. , and Tyson P. D. , 1996 : Three-dimensional kinematic trajectory modelling of water vapour transport over Southern Africa. Water SA , 22 , 297 – 306 . Dirmeyer, P. A. , and Brubaker K

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Daniel Deacu, Vincent Fortin, Erika Klyszejko, Christopher Spence, and Peter D. Blanken

Soulis et al. (2011) . The model used for gridded river routing is WATROUTE, which is the routing component of the hydrological model WATFLOOD ( Kouwen 2010 ). WATROUTE and ISBA share the same grid. The drainage simulated by ISBA is directly transferred to WATROUTE, whereas the surface runoff is first delayed over the grid cell by the kinematic wave method to simulate the overland flow (flow over the land surface following its slope) and then added to the interflow before being transferred. WATROUTE

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