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Joong-Woo Lee, Jinyong Jang, Kwang-Kun Ko, and Youngsang Cho

. Contemp. Econ. Policy , 13 , 10 – 19 , doi: 10.1111/j.1465-7287.1995.tb00720.x . Alberini, A. , and Krupnick A. , 2000 : Cost-of-illness and willingness-to-pay estimates of the benefits of improved air quality: Evidence from Taiwan . Land Econ. , 76 , 37 – 53 , doi: 10.2307/3147256 . Allan, S. S. , Gaddy S. G. , and Evans J. E. , 2001 : Delay causality and reduction at the New York City Airports using terminal weather information systems. Project Rep. ATC-291, Lincoln Laboratory

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P. Zion Klos, John T. Abatzoglou, Alycia Bean, Jarod Blades, Melissa A. Clark, Megan Dodd, Troy E. Hall, Amanda Haruch, Philip E. Higuera, Joseph D. Holbrook, Vincent S. Jansen, Kerry Kemp, Amber Lankford, Timothy E. Link, Troy Magney, Arjan J. H. Meddens, Liza Mitchell, Brandon Moore, Penelope Morgan, Beth A. Newingham, Ryan J. Niemeyer, Ben Soderquist, Alexis A. Suazo, Kerri T. Vierling, Von Walden, and Chelsea Walsh

al. 2014 ). Although end user and expert engagement has been conducted at national and regional scales, there is a need for targeted engagement at finer scales to address the needs of local end users. Previous research shows that much of science is not used, or usable, by resource managers and decision-makers ( Sarewitz and Pielke 2007 ). There are a variety of reasons for this, including institutional expectations that vary between research entities and policy makers or land managers, but one of

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Mary McRae, Ross A. Lee, Scott Steinschneider, and Frank Galgano

catastrophic ( FAA 2008 ). 1) Aircraft performance impacts—fixed wing For fixed wing, high DA affects the ability of an aircraft to land and/or take off within a very short distance. This is an important impact to factor into military mission planning for operations in locations with limited resources and harsh flying conditions. Aircraft performance impacts due to increased DA fall mainly into the following categories: decreased maximum takeoff weight and increased takeoff and landing distance ( National

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Dana R. N. Brown, Todd J. Brinkman, David L. Verbyla, Caroline L. Brown, Helen S. Cold, and Teresa N. Hollingsworth

Beaver and Grayling at 92 kg (120 177 kg total community harvest). Unlike Beaver and Grayling, Tok is located along the road network. b. Remote sensing data Satellite imagery from Landsat Multispectral Scanner (MSS), Thematic Mapper (TM), Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+), and Operational Land Imager (OLI) sensors were acquired from the United States Geological Survey (USGS; USGS 2017 ). We used scenes during the shoulder seasons from each of the three study areas from 1972 to 2016. The full

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Edward R. Carr, Grant Fleming, and Tshibangu Kalala

season after they marry, women receive peanut seeds from their husbands as a form of startup capital. From that point forward, women are responsible for maintaining or increasing their stock of seeds. Instead of granting them access to land outright, men often choose to rent fields for their wives to use, allowing for season-to-season changes in field size depending on how much seed the women are able to acquire (interview 28). Men also give their wives portions of the same plot of land, which allows

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Yujie Wang, Lianchun Song, Chris Hewitt, Nicola Golding, and Zili Huang

national decisions on energy development planning and carbon dioxide emission reductions. The CLAP enables energy producers and providers, electricity network managers, and policy makers to improve renewable energy integration, profitability, electricity system management, and emissions reduction. CLAP can be used to query wind energy resource parameters in any selected region, analyze the potential exploitable energy capacity and inform economic assessments of wind power both on land and offshore

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Stefan von Gruenigen, Saskia Willemse, and Thomas Frei

information for the industry as well as for the national economy is growing in the field of aviation weather services. The use of meteorological information and the economic benefits from that use in specific industries and sectors has been a topic of several studies carried out in Europe, the United States, and Australia. Anaman and Lellyett (1996) assessed the benefits of enhanced weather information services on the cotton industry, Frei et al. (2014) assessed the economic benefits of meteorology on

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Megan L. White and J. Anthony Stallins

FAR is a relativized value. Its use would eliminate variations related to the raw number of thunderstorm warnings. The actual number of thunderstorms experienced by an area may be important to how forecasters are conditioned to issue warnings. For example, rather than equate St. Louis, Missouri, with south Florida because they have the same FAR, we compared verified and unverified counts directly. 2) Independent variables The 2006 National Land Cover Dataset is derived from imagery captured by the

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Michael D. Gerst, Melissa A. Kenney, Allison E. Baer, Amanda Speciale, J. Felix Wolfinger, Jon Gottschalck, Scott Handel, Matthew Rosencrans, and David Dewitt

degrees, weather and seasonal forecasts inform decisions of diverse users ranging from the general public to private and public sector decision-makers. For example, disaster managers have used forecasts for flood and drought management in humanitarian crises ( Braman et al. 2013 ; Tadesse et al. 2016 ), the wind energy sector has used them for forecasting potential energy production ( Roulston et al. 2003 ; Foley et al. 2012 ), and the agricultural sector has used them for irrigation decisions and

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Adebayo Oluwole Eludoyin, Augustina Olichikwu Nevo, Peter Adeolu Abuloye, Oyenike Mary Eludoyin, and Olusegun Olufemi Awotoye

nongovernment institutions in the state (e.g., Akinbode et al. 2008 ). The northern and southern parts are comparatively less urbanized than the central part. Fig . 1. (a),(b) Locational and (c) altitudinal information of Ondo State; (b) and (c) also show the regional distribution used in this study as well as the distribution of the meteorological monitoring stations. The relief of the area comprises lowlands and rugged hills with granitic outcrops in several places; in general, the land rises from the

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