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A. Amengual, V. Homar, R. Romero, S. Alonso, and C. Ramis

projected annual and seasonal variations of the mean and extreme regimes for the parameters of interest; and finally, section 5 provides an assessment of the implemented approach and its later applications. 2. Overview of the study area: Climatic characteristics and economic activities The climate of the Balearic Islands is characteristic of the western Mediterranean region. It is associated with a wide range of synoptic flows and is strongly influenced by the Mediterranean Sea, which is the main

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Mirko Orlić and Martin Lazar

1. Introduction As a rule, surface circulation in Northern Hemisphere lakes and marginal seas is cyclonic or counterclockwise ( Shtokman 1967 ; Emery and Csanady 1973 ). The pattern is observed in a number of North American and Eurasian lakes as well as in various inland seas: the Adriatic Sea, Baltic Sea, Bay of Fundy, Black Sea, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Japan Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Persian Gulf, etc. The only exception to the rule appears to be the Aral Sea in which the circulation of surface

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Florian P. Pantillon, Jean-Pierre Chaboureau, Patrick J. Mascart, and Christine Lac

its origin from a low on the lee side of the Atlas Mountains and deepened on the Straight of Sicily ( Moscatello et al. 2008b ). It intensified quickly on the Ionian Sea and acquired a symmetric structure with a warm core and organized convection. Such a tropical-like cyclone is referred to as a Medicane (Mediterranean hurricane). This case of Medicane was the deepest one ever observed, with a recorded sea level pressure minimum of 986 hPa at 0914 UTC 26 September 2006 ( Moscatello et al. 2008b

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Genevieve Jay Brett, Larry J. Pratt, Irina I. Rypina, and José C. Sánchez-Garrido

1. Introduction One of the largest and most persistent features in the Alboran Sea, just east of the Strait of Gibraltar in the Mediterranean, is the Western Alboran Gyre (WAG), an anticyclonic recirculation bounded by the Atlantic Jet (AJ) to the north and the Moroccan coast to the south. This feature and its variability have been observed by both in situ and satellite efforts ( Peliz et al. 2013 ; Renault et al. 2012 ; Heburn and La Violette 1990 ). The AJ begins at the Strait of Gibraltar

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Angélique Godart, Sandrine Anquetin, Etienne Leblois, and Jean-Dominique Creutin

The Cévennes–Vivarais area is a southeasterly-facing slope limited by the Mediterranean Sea shore to the south and the Rhône valley to the east ( Fig. 1a ). The elevation varies from sea level up to 1500 m (Mount Lozère), over roughly 30 km ( Fig. 1b ). This hilly terrain is dissected by relatively deep and narrow valleys (500 m deep, 10 km wide) that are mainly oriented along a northwest–southeast axis. The topography is divided into three sectors ( Fig. 1b ): 1) the plain where the elevation

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Daniel Argüeso, José M. Hidalgo-Muñoz, Sonia R. Gámiz-Fortis, María Jesús Esteban-Parra, Jimy Dudhia, and Yolanda Castro-Díez

. 2008 ) has been used to achieve dynamical downscaling, and this paper presents its evaluation as a nested climate model over Andalusia (southern Spain). Located at the very southern part of Europe (35°–40°N, 8°–1°W), Andalusia is largely influenced by three differentiated masses: the Atlantic Ocean, the Sahara desert, and the Mediterranean Sea ( Fig. 1 ). The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) ( Solomon et al. 2007 ) predicts this area to be among those

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Soekaboemi, Capt. H. D. Braspot, while in the Mediterranean Sea on October 29, 1938. Although the waterspout appears to have been imperfectly developed, as its trunk did not s an the entire distance between the cloud and the sea, h r . Meinsma's drawings show three phases of the spout's existence finely delineated. The ship at time of the first observation was near 36' north latitude, 17%' east longi-tude. The time was 08:OEi M. T. G. The subsequent drawings show the phenomenon at, 08:15 and 08:20, at

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Nan Yu, Guy Delrieu, Brice Boudevillain, Pieter Hazenberg, and Remko Uijlenhoet

( x ). The main findings of this work are summarized in section 6 . 2. DSD data Over the Cévennes–Vivarais area, autumn precipitation is typically associated with various forms of convective rainfall ranging from thunderstorms to orographic rainfall and mesoscale convective systems, under the influence of the moist airflow from the Mediterranean Sea ( Nuissier et al. 2008 ). The Cévennes–Vivarais Mediterranean Hydrometeorological Observatory ( Delrieu et al. 2005 ; Boudevillain et al. 2011

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Vasiliy Vlasenko, Jose C. Sanchez Garrido, Nataliya Stashchuk, Jesus Garcia Lafuente, and Miguel Losada

1. Introduction Large-amplitude internal waves (LAIWs) are one of the most striking phenomena observed in the Strait of Gibraltar. These waves appear as packets propagating along the strait to evolve into groups of well-separated solitary waves entering the Alboran Sea. The mechanism of their generation has been described in many papers (e.g., Armi and Farmer 1988 ; Brandt et al. 1996 ; Izquierdo et al. 2001 ; Bruno et al. 2002 ; Vazquez et al. 2005 ). According to these investigations

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M.-Pascale Lelong, Yannis Cuypers, and Pascale Bouruet-Aubertot

Mediterranean eddies were sampled, but our present focus is on the Cyprus Eddy [labeled eddy C in Cuypers et al. (2012) ] for which a strong near-inertial signal was recorded at the eddy base. The Cyprus Eddy is a semipermanent anticyclonic eddy on the slope of the Eratosthenes Seamount in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. A 3-day station (3.75 inertial periods at 33°36′N) was performed near the eddy center whose position was determined prior to the station [see Moutin et al. (2012) for details]. The eddy

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