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Wondmagegn Yigzaw, Faisal Hossain, and Alfred Kalyanapu

the same effect of a low-exceedance probability flood if urbanization has rapidly altered large portions of a watershed in a short period. Thus, there is a great danger to human lives and other economic losses from floods that are beyond the capacity of control mechanisms such as dams and levees. The interaction between land surface and atmosphere also leads to potential increase in PMP and PMF in the postdam phase. Sediment transport and yield pattern are also affected as a result of such

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Jinyang Du and Qiang Liu

vertically polarized microwave radiation at 12 channels and six frequencies ranging from 6.9 to 89.0 GHz. Its observations at moderately low frequencies are very sensitive to land water in various forms, such as soil moisture, vegetation water content, and snow, and are little affected by atmosphere conditions. AMSR-E was launched in June 2002 and functioned well until October 2011. During this period, TGD experienced two impounding stages: the initial stage of impoundment with a water level increasing

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M. Sekhar, M. Shindekar, Sat K. Tomer, and P. Goswami

groundwater resource for meeting irrigation ( van der Gun 2012 ) and more so of water resource needs of urban/rural water utilities. Furthermore, in certain situations the impact of human activities (e.g., land-use/land-cover changes, urbanization) are found to be much stronger than the climate variability ( Scanlon et al. 2007 ) itself, and hence there is a need to characterize the coupled effects of human activities and climate change on the groundwater system for developing sustainable groundwater

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