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Young-Kwon Lim, Ming Cai, Eugenia Kalnay, and Liming Zhou

global climate change detection. J. Climate , 13 , 3187 – 3205 . Dai , A. , K. E. Trenberth , and T. Qian , 2004 : A global dataset of Palmer drought severity index for 1870–2002: Relationship with soil moisture and effects of surface warming. J. Hydrometeor. , 5 , 1117 – 1130 . Diffenbaugh , N. S. , 2005 : Atmosphere–land cover feedbacks alter the response of surface temperature to CO 2 forcing in the western United States. Climate Dyn. , 24 , 237 – 251 . Easterling , D. R

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K. W. Oleson, G. B. Bonan, J. Feddema, M. Vertenstein, and C. S. B. Grimmond

1. Introduction Land use/land cover change is increasingly being recognized as an important yet poorly quantified component of global climate change ( Houghton et al. 2001 ). Land use/land cover change mechanisms include both transformation of natural land surfaces to those serving human needs (i.e., direct anthropogenic change; e.g., conversion of tropical forest to agriculture) as well as changes in land cover on longer time scales that are due to biogeophysical feedbacks between atmosphere

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M. Baldi, G. A. Dalu, and R. A. Pielke Sr.

, and C. L. Ziegler , 1997 : A three-dimensional numerical simulation of a Great Plains dryline. Mon. Wea. Rev. , 125 , 1489 – 1506 . Shaw , W. J. , and J. C. Doran , 2001 : Observations of systematic boundary layer divergence patterns and their relationship to land use and topography. J. Climate , 14 , 1753 – 1764 . Smith , R. B. , 1979 : The influence of mountains on the atmosphere. Advances in Geophysics, Vol. 21, Academic Press, 87–230 . Taylor , C. M. , E. F. Lambin

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Vinodkumar, A. Chandrasekar, K. Alapaty, and Dev Niyogi

). NCAR Tech. Note TN-398+STR, 121 pp . Holt , T. , D. Niyogi , F. Chen , K. Manning , M. A. LeMone , and A. L. Qureshi , 2006 : Effect of land–atmosphere interactions on the IHOP 24–25 May 2002 convection case. Mon. Wea. Rev. , 134 , 113 – 133 . Kalnay , E. , 2003 : Atmospheric Modeling, Data Assimilation, and Predictability . Cambridge University Press, 341 pp . Kalsi , S. R. , 2000 : Synoptic weather conditions during the pilot study of Bay of Bengal and Monsoon

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