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Jana Čampa and Heini Wernli

Dacre and Gray (2009) showed that most developing cyclones are generated over the sea, which may be because of the availability of a moisture source and of reduced friction compared to land. Their study also showed that the cyclones generated in the eastern North Atlantic have lower SLP and higher relative vorticity in the center at the time of genesis than western North Atlantic cyclones, but the latter start in an environment with a stronger horizontal SST and wet-bulb potential temperature

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Kirstin Kober and George C. Craig

of moisture and temperature in the atmosphere determines the amount of CAPE and is influenced by several processes, especially in the atmospheric boundary layer. Soil type, land use, orography, and elevation are important because they define properties of the interaction between the land surface and the atmosphere. Several processes contribute to create variability in a convective boundary layer. The heating of surfaces with different heat conduction properties by the sun causes turbulent eddies

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