Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 3 of 3 items for :

  • Boundary currents x
  • GFDL'S Coupled Model-3 (CM3): Dynamics, Physical Parameterizations, and Simulations x
  • All content x
Clear All
Stephen M. Griffies, Michael Winton, Leo J. Donner, Larry W. Horowitz, Stephanie M. Downes, Riccardo Farneti, Anand Gnanadesikan, William J. Hurlin, Hyun-Chul Lee, Zhi Liang, Jaime B. Palter, Bonita L. Samuels, Andrew T. Wittenberg, Bruce L. Wyman, Jianjun Yin, and Niki Zadeh

the global mean salinity throughout the simulations quite close to the initial value of 34.72 psu taken from Steele et al. (2001) . However, as for temperature, patterns of change in ocean salinity are important, as they provide a signature of problems with the boundary hydrological forcing and surface ocean currents. Figure 7 shows the climatological SSS difference from observations taken over model years 1981–2000. We now identify certain notable features in the SSS bias maps. Fig . 7

Full access
John Austin, Larry W. Horowitz, M. Daniel Schwarzkopf, R. John Wilson, and Hiram Levy II

prescribed constant ozone, rather than using a time-varying climatology ( Son et al. 2008 ). In addition, the models had poor stratospheric resolution, with many models having an upper boundary as low as 5 hPa. Since the Brewer–Dobson circulation in the atmosphere rises to at least 1 hPa before turning and affecting the lower stratosphere middle- and high-latitude region, the whole of the stratospheric circulation of the models does not correspond closely with the atmospheric behavior. As a result such

Full access
Jean-Christophe Golaz, Marc Salzmann, Leo J. Donner, Larry W. Horowitz, Yi Ming, and Ming Zhao

used to calculate the maximum number of nucleated drops. The equation represents the formulation of the activation source term in the cloud drop prognostic equation. Model configuration is similar to the fixed sea surface temperature (SST) simulation presented in Donner et al. (2011 ), except that interannual variability in boundary conditions and forcings are removed to enable shorter simulations. Interannual monthly SSTs are replaced with monthly climatologies for the period 1980

Full access