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N. Fauchereau, B. Pohl, and A. Lorrey

al. 2001) and sea surface temperatures ( Matthews et al. 2010 ). Comprehensive reviews of the climatic impacts of the MJO can be found in Zhang (2005 , 2013) . Outside the tropics, toward the middle and high latitudes of both hemispheres, distinct signatures of the MJO have been highlighted and can be interpreted in terms of extratropical responses to tropical diabatic heating anomalies ( Ferranti and Palmer 1990 ; Wallace and Gutzler 1981 ) in the framework of Rossby wave dispersion theory

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Bradford S. Barrett, Gina R. Henderson, and Joshua S. Werling

. J. Atmos. Sci. , 45 , 1228 – 1251 , doi: 10.1175/1520-0469(1988)045<1228:TGOGRF>2.0.CO;2 . Seo , K. H. , and S. W. Son , 2012 : The global atmospheric circulation response to tropical diabatic heating associated with the Madden–Julian oscillation during northern winter . J. Atmos. Sci. , 69 , 79 – 96 , doi: 10.1175/2011JAS3686.1 . Su , H. , R. E. Dickinson , K. L. Findell , and B. R. Lintner , 2013 : How are spring snow conditions in central Canada related to early warm

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David P. Schneider, Clara Deser, and Tingting Fan

oceanic gyres ( England et al. 2014 ). The negative rainfall trends over the central tropical Pacific ( Fig. 2b ) imply strongly negative diabatic heating anomalies, giving rise to the expectation of an atmospheric Rossby wave response that may impact the SH atmospheric circulation ( Trenberth et al. 2014 ). With the zonal-mean trend removed, the central and eastern Pacific cooling stands out as anomalous ( Fig. 2f ), which sets the stage for the circulation response in the model simulations described

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Michael Goss, Steven B. Feldstein, and Sukyoung Lee

.1175/JCLI-D-13-00272.1 . Sardeshmukh , P. D. , and B. J. Hoskins , 1988 : The generation of global rotational flow by steady idealized tropical divergence . J. Atmos. Sci. , 45 , 1228 – 1251 , doi: 10.1175/1520-0469(1988)045<1228:TGOGRF>2.0.CO;2 . Simmons , A. J. , 1982 : The forcing of stationary wave motion by tropical diabatic heating . Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. , 108 , 503 – 534 , doi: 10.1002/qj.49710845703 . Smith , K. L. , P. J. Kushner , and J. Cohen , 2011 : The role

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