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  • Diabatic heating x
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Natalie P. Thomas, Michael G. Bosilovich, Allison B. Marquardt Collow, Randal D. Koster, Siegfried D. Schubert, Amin Dezfuli, and Sarith P. Mahanama

North Atlantic subtropical high ( Li et al. 2019 ), and Arctic sea ice extent ( Budikova et al. 2019 ). Lopez et al. (2019) found a potential linkage between circulation associated with heat waves in the U.S. Great Plains and the East Asian monsoon through a stationary wave train forced by diabatic heating. However, all of these studies were focused on Tmax- or Tmean-type heat waves; teleconnective influences on independent nighttime heat waves remain to be examined. In general, the present

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Young-Kwon Lim, Robin M. Kovach, Steven Pawson, and Guillaume Vernieres

span the Maritime Continent and the eastern Indian Ocean region (e.g., Bay of Bengal; 60°–90°E) in the 1982/83 and 1997/98 El Niño events. We calculate diabatic temperature tendency (i.e., total diabatic heating or cooling; K day −1 ) across the equatorial longitude–vertical plane. The diabatic temperature tendency here is due to the multiple atmospheric processes that include moist, radiation, near-surface turbulence (e.g., sensible heat flux), and frictional dissipation of kinetic energy (e

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Krzysztof Wargan and Lawrence Coy

framework approach. He too found that the static stability structure above the tropopause is not much affected by this choice. Using the thermodynamic equation in the TEM framework as his starting point, Birner (2010) derived the following approximate formula for the evolution of [his Eq. (4)]: where the subscript MAX indicates that a derivative is taken at the point where , denotes the diabatic heating rate of the zonal-mean potential temperature and the vertical component of the residual

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Gloria L. Manney and Michaela I. Hegglin

C. Franzke , 2014 : Twentieth century North Atlantic jet variability . Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. , 140 , 783 – 791 , doi: 10.1002/qj.2197 . 10.1002/qj.2197 Woollings , T. , L. Papritz , C. Mbengue , and T. Spengler , 2016 : Diabatic heating and jet stream shifts: A case study of the 2010 negative North Atlantic Oscillation winter . Geophys. Res. Lett. , 43 , 9994 – 10 002 , doi: 10.1002/2016GL070146 . 10.1002/2016GL070146 Xie , Z. , Y. Du , and S. Yang , 2015

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Michael G. Bosilovich, Franklin R. Robertson, Lawrence Takacs, Andrea Molod, and David Mocko

heating from the net precipitation produced by the assimilation, not the diabatic heating that is implied by the observed precipitation used to drive the land model. Since P mgen is almost 1 mm day −1 greater than P ocor this significantly contributes to the magnitude of VMFC. But MERRA and MERRA-2 evaporation also have mean values of nearly 1.8 mm day −1 , substantially larger than most estimates derived by LandFlux ( Jiménez et al. 2011 ), which produces best estimates around 1.4 mm day −1

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