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John L. Beven II and James L. Franklin

Pacific basin on 10 August. Slow and gradual development occurred while the wave continued westward over the next several days. A low-level circulation within the system became better defined on 16 August, and scatterometer winds from the European Remote Sensing Satellite-2 ( ERS-2 ) indicated that a tropical depression formed near 0600 UTC 17 August, about 400 n mi south-southwest of Socorro Island ( Fig. 1 ). The depression moved west-northwestward becoming a tropical storm the next day. Fernanda

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Lixion A. Avila and John L. Guiney

-level trough near the Hawaiian Islands, hampered deep convective development. The system dissipated on the evening of 8 August about 500 n mi east-northeast of Honolulu, Hawaii. In addition to the standard satellite-based Dvorak intensity estimates derived from the GOES and DMSP satellites, the European Remote Sensing Satellite ( ERS-2 ) polar-orbiting satellite made a partial pass over Estelle on 4 August. The ERS-2 scatterometer winds were used to estimate the 34-kt wind radii. f. Tropical Storm Frank

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Richard J. Pasch and Lixion A. Avila

central North Atlantic until the 24th, when another acceleration toward the northeast began. Lili reintensified to 44 m s −1 on the 25th and finally weakened to a tropical storm on the 26th, as the center was passing about 555 km northwest of the Azores. Lili is estimated to have become extratropical on the 27th. It remained a 28 m s −1 extratropical storm until crossing Great Britain on the 28th. Its remnants crossed the northern European mainland on the 29th. 2

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James L. Franklin and Daniel P. Brown

minor wind damage and power outages on the island. Minor wind damage and power outages also occurred in Newfoundland. h. Hurricane Gordon, 10–20 September Gordon, a category 3 hurricane at its peak, affected the Azores as a hurricane, and as an extratropical low brought heavy rains and high winds to parts of western Europe. The cyclone originated from a tropical wave that left the west coast of Africa on 2 September. This wave was initially well organized, with an associated surface low along the

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Mark A. Lander, Eric J. Trehubenko, and Charles P. Guard

series. 2) Typhoon Dan (06W) A large underestimate of Dan’s distribution of gales, and problems with the intensity diagnosis during its extratropical transition, prompted Dan’s inclusion in this section. On the warning valid at 1800 UTC 17 July, Dan’s radius of 35 kt (18 m s −1 ) wind was nearly doubled from its value on the warning valid at 1200 UTC 7 July. This large change in the wind radius was based upon scatterometer data from the European Remote Sensing

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Mark A. Lander and Michael D. Angove

occurrence of a typhoon in the WNP. Moving on a north-oriented track through the East China Sea, Faye made landfall on the southern coast of Korea, and was one of the most intense TCs to strike the Korean peninsula in many years. In postanalysis, Tropical Depression 06W (TD 06W) was upgraded to Tropical Storm 06W based upon scatterometer data from the European Space Agency’s remote sensing ( ERS-1 ) satellite. These data indicated that an area of 35-kt wind speed accompanied TD 06W as it moved

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John L. Beven II, Lixion A. Avila, Eric S. Blake, Daniel P. Brown, James L. Franklin, Richard D. Knabb, Richard J. Pasch, Jamie R. Rhome, and Stacy R. Stewart

an estimated 35 kt. Delta accelerated east-northeastward on 27 November in response to an intensifying deep-layer trough over western Europe. This was accompanied by reintensification, with the short-lived formation of a ragged eye near 1200 UTC. It is estimated that the maximum winds again reached 60 kt at that time. The cyclone turned east-northeastward on 28 November while it moved into the surface baroclinic zone associated with the European trough. A combination of increasing vertical shear

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