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Armin Aulinger, Volker Matthias, and Markus Quante

(atmosphere, soil, water, biota) in conjunction with a high bioaccumulative potential and lifelong exposure of individuals. This has been confirmed in various studies in which PAHs and other POPs were measured in fish, marine mammals, seabirds, and humans ( Baussant et al. 2001 ; MacDonald et al. 2000 ). In conclusion, several international conventions were initiated to reduce or phase out the most hazardous of these substances; examples include the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN

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George Kallos, Marina Astitha, Petros Katsafados, and Chris Spyrou

of air pollutants released from Europe toward the eastern Mediterranean and North Africa ( Katsoulis and Whelpdale 1990 ; Luria et al. 1996 ; Kallos et al. 1997 , 1998a , b ; Millán et al. 1997 , 2005 ; Peleg et al. 1997 ; Gangoiti et al. 2001 ). Recent studies focus on the importance of long-range transport patterns of particulate matter (PM) of anthropogenic and natural origin as shown by Prospero et al. (2001) , Uno et al. (2001) , Rodriguez et al. (2001) , Bardouki et al. (2003

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M. Talat Odman, Yongtao Hu, Alper Unal, Armistead G. Russell, and James W. Boylan

Quality Study/Atmospheric Utility Signatures, Predictions, and Experiments Regional Model Adaptation Project). A number of other sensitivity analysis methods have been tested and applied in 3D air quality models (AQMs). Automatic differentiation in FORTRAN has found limited use in AQMs ( Hwang et al. 1997 ; Carmichael et al. 1997 ). Recently, the adjoint method was tried in 3D models such as CHIMERE and Polair3D to conduct ozone sensitivity analyses in Europe ( Menut et al. 2000 ; Mallet and

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Golam Sarwar and Prakash V. Bhave

: Conversion processes and use in the European Chemical Industry. J. Ind. Ecol. , 1 , 2 . 65 – 89 . Chang , S. , and D. T. Allen , 2006 : Atmospheric chlorine chemistry in Southeast Texas: Impacts on ozone formation and control. Environ. Sci. Technol. , 40 , 251 – 262 . Chang , S. , E. C. McDonald-Buller , Y. Kimura , G. Yarwood , J. Neece , M. Russel , P. Tanaka , and D. Allen , 2002 : Sensitivity of urban ozone formation to chlorine emission estimates. Atmos

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Jesse O. Bash, Patricia Bresnahan, and David R. Miller

aquaporin genes in growing maize roots. Planta , 215 , 1047 – 1056 . Johnson , D. W. , J. A. Benesch , M. S. Gustin , D. S. Schorran , S. E. Lindberg , and J. S. Coleman , 2003 : Experimental evidence against diffusion control of Hg evasion from soils. Sci. Total Environ. , 304 , 175 – 184 . Lee , D. S. , E. Nemitz , D. Fowler , and R. D. Kingdon , 2001 : Modelling atmospheric mercury transport and deposition across Europe and the UK. Atmos. Environ. , 35 , 5455

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