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  • Forecasting techniques x
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  • DYNAMO/CINDY/AMIE/LASP: Processes, Dynamics, and Prediction of MJO Initiation x
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Adrian J. Matthews, Dariusz B. Baranowski, Karen J. Heywood, Piotr J. Flatau, and Sunke Schmidtko

simulation and forecasting of the MJO ( Woolnough et al. 2007 ), and also errors in the mean climate. Ocean gliders are a relatively new technology for observing the ocean ( Eriksen et al. 2001 ). They can provide very high-resolution data right to the surface, without the drawbacks of a shipboard CTD, and are relatively inexpensive to operate. In this paper, the diurnal warm layer is analyzed using measurements from an ocean glider deployed as part of the Cooperative Indian Ocean Experiment on

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Samson M. Hagos, Zhe Feng, Casey D. Burleyson, Chun Zhao, Matus N. Martini, and Larry K. Berg

sounding arrays (multiple sounding sites enclosing an area) were available during AMIE/DYNAMO ( Johnson and Ciesielski 2013 ), they enclosed areas of roughly 8° × 8° that are significantly larger than a single ground-based precipitation radar. Because of the lack of a sounding array that corresponds to the size of the radar domain, the forcing data were developed based on the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) interim reanalysis (ERA-Interim) but constrained with the observed

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Shuguang Wang, Adam H. Sobel, Fuqing Zhang, Y. Qiang Sun, Ying Yue, and Lei Zhou

experiments and observation dataset a. Numerical model and experiment design The Weather Research and Forecasting Model version 3.4.1 (WRF3.4.1; Skamarock et al. 2008 ) is used in this study. ERA-Interim ( Dee et al. 2011 ) is adopted to construct the initial, bottom, and lateral boundary conditions for the regional simulation. The lateral boundary consists of a narrow transition zone of 5 grid points, where the tendencies at the outmost grids are prescribed from ERA-Interim every 6 h, and gradually

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Simon P. de Szoeke, James B. Edson, June R. Marion, Christopher W. Fairall, and Ludovic Bariteau

( Fairall et al. 1996b ; Fairall et al. 2003 ; Edson et al. 2013 ). Meteorological, sea–air interface, and upper ocean variables are available in the DYNAMO– Revelle meteorology and flux group dataset [ ftp://dynamo.dms.uconn.edu/ linked from the Earth Observatory Laboratory (EOL) field catalog http://data.eol.ucar.edu/master_list/?project=DYNAMO ]. These variables and the techniques used to process them are further described in appendix A . b. TOGA COARE We use TOGA COARE observations from the R

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