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Daniel B. Ferguson, Anna Masayesva, Alison M. Meadow, and Michael A. Crimmins

information messages into, within, and out of any definable entity; and b) determine the criteria by which the value of information messages will be judged.” We therefore focused on understanding what affects the circulation and use of information into, within, and out of the HDNR and tried to understand how that information will be seen as valuable or not within both the HDNR and with the broader tribal leadership. The goals for the interviews with non-HDNR drought stakeholders were 1) to better

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Laurie Yung, Nicky Phear, Alayna DuPont, Jess Montag, and Daniel Murphy

Abstract

Agricultural producers may be particularly vulnerable to climate impacts, such as drought. To better understand how ranchers respond to ongoing drought and the relationship between climate change beliefs and drought adaptation, in-depth interviews with working ranchers were conducted. Ranchers described drought conditions as unprecedented and detailed the interacting impacts of drought and nonclimatic stressors. They viewed adaptation as critical and employed a wide range of responses to drought, but lack of financial resources, risks associated with change, local social norms, and optimism about future moisture created barriers to change. Most ranchers attributed drought to natural cycles and were skeptical about anthropogenic climate change. Many ranchers likened current drought conditions to past droughts, concluding that conditions would return to “normal.” A belief in natural cycles provided a sense of hope for some ranchers but felt immutable to others, reducing their sense of agency and efficacy. Taken together, climate skepticism, optimism about future conditions, lack of financial resources, and a limited sense of agency might be reducing investments in long-term adaptation. However, the relationship between climate change beliefs and adaptation action was not entirely clear, since the handful of ranchers adapting in anticipation of long-term drought were skeptical or uncertain about anthropogenic climate change. Further, most ranchers characterized adaptation as an individual endeavor and resisted government involvement in drought adaptation. In the context of climate skepticism and antigovernment sentiment, strategies to scale up adaptation efforts beyond the household will only succeed to the extent that they build on local norms and ideologies.

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Randy A. Peppler

the tribal entities that responded to Senator Kerr. Pulling two examples, the Gros Ventre prediction of a “severe and hard winter” in 1951–52 compared well to meteorological observations, while the prediction of a “mild winter” by the Crow Agency in 1950–51 did not. c. Traditional knowledge as independent insight Comparing the Indian winter predictions to scientifically measured seasonal snowfall amounts and average temperatures may be problematic since western science and traditional knowledge

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Mimi Stith, Alessandra Giannini, John del Corral, Susana Adamo, and Alex de Sherbinin

study is inspired by Herrmann et al.’s (2005) attribution of the trend in residual NDVI—that is, the regreening trend that remains once the linear influence of precipitation is accounted for—to human intervention. Herrmann et al. (2005) point to this qualitative correspondence in a few locations, which are well known from case study literature to be the loci of successful interventions to combat land degradation. Seeking a middle ground between the three lines of research described above, which

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Chie Sakakibara

bowhead whale is the foundational entity through which all elements of Arctic life are integrated—sea, land, animal, and human. Indeed, the bowhead remains central to Iñupiaq life and sustains traditional rituals and ceremonies ( Boeri 1983 ; Stoker and Krupnik 1993 ; Bodenhorn 2001 ; Brewster 2004 ; Hess 1999 ; Lowenstein 1992 , 1993 ; Turner 1990 , 1993 ; Sakakibara 2008 , 2009 , 2010 ; Zumwalt 1988 ). Fig . 1. Map of the North Slope Borough, Alaska (courtesy of J. Jelacic). Currently

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Susan A. Crate

contextualize shifting realities in climate-sensitive world regions among place-based peoples confronted with unprecedented global climate change—in this case, confronted by altered water regimes. Although political ecology is a highly specific focus on, in short, how ecological issues are politicized, the field has a range of applications and is founded in both geographic and anthropological analyses. For the purposes of my analysis, I base my analysis on an anthropological approach (for full explanation

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Sandy Smith-Nonini

western humanism – the supernaturality of the human” (p. 8). Despite these disjunctures, complexity thinking increasingly influences research in fields that touch on climate and environment, including archaeology, urban studies, epidemiology, economics, geography, ecology, and resources and wildlife management. In a lucid example for our theme of climate change, Meadows (2008 , 58–66) illustrated how a complexity mindset aids analysis of capitalist fossil fuel extraction. She demonstrated the

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