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  • Australasian climate over the last 2,000 years: The PAGES AUS2K synthesis x
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Michelle Ho, Danielle C. Verdon-Kidd, Anthony S. Kiem, and Russell N. Drysdale

reconstructions. While ice cores and corals can contain high-resolution records, they do not provide a direct land-based proxy of rainfall in Australia. However, they have been used in previous studies by Lough (2007) , van Ommen and Morgan (2010) , and Vance et al. (2013) to infer high-resolution long-term hydroclimatic variability around Australia. Consequently, currently available reconstructions of Australian rainfall using remote ice-core and coral records are considered as potential contenders when

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Steven J. Phipps, Helen V. McGregor, Joëlle Gergis, Ailie J. E. Gallant, Raphael Neukom, Samantha Stevenson, Duncan Ackerley, Josephine R. Brown, Matt J. Fischer, and Tas D. van Ommen

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Mark 3L (CSIRO Mk3L) climate system model, version 1.2, which features enhanced spatial resolution in the ocean relative to the original release of the model ( Phipps et al. 2011 , 2012 ). Mk3L is a fully coupled general circulation model that includes components describing the atmosphere, ocean, sea ice, and land surface. Version 1.2 uses horizontal resolutions of 5.6° longitude by 3.2° latitude for the atmosphere, sea ice, and land surface

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Ailie J. E. Gallant, Steven J. Phipps, David J. Karoly, A. Brett Mullan, and Andrew M. Lorrey

(left) instrumental precipitation and (right) mean temperature stations used in this study. The relationships between local and remote climates may be altered because of the effects of local small-scale transients (e.g., synoptic-scale weather systems), influences from other dependent and independent dynamical systems ( Meyers et al. 2007 ; Fogt et al. 2011 ), and changes in the large-scale state of the coupled atmosphere–ocean system. Therefore, the strengths of Australasian teleconnections (i

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Howard J. Diamond, Andrew M. Lorrey, and James A. Renwick

helps to control trajectories of tropical cyclones and is a factor in extratropical transition (ETT) into the midlatitudes ( Lorrey et al. 2012 ). Improved assessment of TC variability in relation to ENSO will help improve seasonal TC outlook and associated regional risk management. b. Prior work and purpose of research Previous work by Basher and Zheng (1995) used an archive of TCs from the New Zealand Meteorological Service for the 20-yr period from 1970 to 1989 to investigate tropical cyclone

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Tessa R. Vance, Tas D. van Ommen, Mark A. J. Curran, Chris T. Plummer, and Andrew D. Moy

the equatorial western Pacific and Law Dome and explores changes in ENSO and rainfall variability in eastern Australia using a 1010-yr record of LD summer sea salts. 2. Methods and datasets a. LD and sea salts LD is a small coastal ice cap in Wilkes Land, East Antarctica. The local climate at the “Dome Summit South” (DSS) ice core site (66°46′11″S, 112°48′25″E, elevation 1370 m) is predominantly maritime with minimal katabatic influence and a generally southeasterly wind direction. DSS features

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