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Fumiaki Ogawa and Thomas Spengler

eastern part of the ocean basins. The tropical western Pacific Ocean also features a larger eddy contribution, due to both lower time-mean winds ( Fig. 3a ) as well as enhanced eddy activity ( Fig. 3b ). The submonthly eddy activity in this area is most likely associated with the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO; e.g., Madden and Julian 1994 ). Fig . 8. Decomposition of the mean wind for (left) DJF and (right) JJA for (a),(b) mean wind w ¯ 10 (m s −1 ; shading) and mean wind components u ¯ 10 (m s

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R. Justin Small, Frank O. Bryan, Stuart P. Bishop, and Robert A. Tomas

of the globe, especially away from the tropics. As with the unfiltered data, CESM-HR exhibits higher correlations, but clearly the high-resolution model and analysis product show fundamentally the same behavior. The weaker correlation in the tropics in the high-pass data compared to unfiltered data may be due to less small-scale ocean activity compared to the extratropics, combined with forcing of heat fluxes by small-scale convective systems such as that embedded in the Madden–Julian oscillation

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Hyodae Seo

, R. Murtugudde , M. Jochum , and A. J. Miller , 2009 : Seasonal effects of Indian Ocean freshwater forcing in a regional coupled model . J. Climate , 22 , 6577 – 6596 , doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2990.1 . 10.1175/2009JCLI2990.1 Seo , H. , A. C. Subramanian , A. J. Miller , and N. R. Cavanaugh , 2014 : Coupled impacts of the diurnal cycle of sea surface temperature on the Madden–Julian oscillation . J. Climate , 27 , 8422 – 8443 , doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00141.1 . 10.1175/JCLI

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Hyodae Seo, Arthur J. Miller, and Joel R. Norris

. , 25 , 120 – 131 , doi: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2008.07.003 . Seo , H. , S.-P. Xie , R. Murtugudde , M. Jochum , and A. J. Miller , 2009 : Seasonal effects of Indian Ocean freshwater forcing in a regional coupled model . J. Climate , 22 , 6577 – 6596 , doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2990.1 . Seo , H. , A. C. Subramanian , A. J. Miller , and N. R. Cavanaugh , 2014 : Coupled impacts of the diurnal cycle of sea surface temperature on the Madden–Julian oscillation . J. Climate , 27

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