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Jaume Rosselló and Aon Waqas

/or weather conditions at the destination, as a pull factor. In this paper, the relationship between the interest in Majorca, evaluated through Google searches, and the meteorological conditions both in the country of origin (United Kingdom and Germany) and at the destination is investigated. Majorca is a popular “sun, sea, and sand” destination in the Mediterranean, known for its warm climate conditions. Thus, this paper contributes to further knowledge of the interaction between weather and tourism by

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Peter H. Gleick

statistically significant increases in evaporative water demand in the eastern Mediterranean region between 1988 and 2006, driven by apparent increases in sea surface temperatures. A research paper published in 2012 further suggested that climate change is already beginning to influence droughts in the area by reducing winter rainfall and increasing evapotranspiration (see Figs. 5a,b ) ( Hoerling et al. 2012 ). That study suggested that winter droughts are increasingly common and that human-caused climate

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Mikhail Varentsov, Natalia Shartova, Mikhail Grischenko, and Pavel Konstantinov

. de Lieto Vollaro , 2016 : Outdoor thermal comfort in the Mediterranean area. A transversal study in Rome, Italy . Build. Environ. , 96 , 46 – 61 , https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2015.11.023 . 10.1016/j.buildenv.2015.11.023 Semenov , V. A. , and M. Latif , 2015 : Nonlinear winter atmospheric circulation response to Arctic sea ice concentration anomalies for different periods during 1966–2012 . Environ. Res. Lett. , 10 , 054020 , https://doi.org/10

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Marianne Cohen, Josyane Ronchail, María Alonso-Roldán, Céline Morcel, Stéphane Angles, Eduardo Araque-Jimenez, and David Labat

–2005 . Climate Res. , 43 , 215 – 228 , doi: 10.3354/cr00937 . González-Ramón, A. , 2008 : Hidrogeología de los acuíferos kársticos de las sierras de Pegalajar y Mojón Blanco. Serie tesis doctorales, Vol. 14, IGME, 304 pp . Gualdi, S. , and Coauthors , 2013 : The CIRCE simulations: Regional climate change projections with realistic representation of the Mediterranean Sea . Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. , 94 , 65 – 81 , doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00136.1 . Heltberg, R. , Bennett-Siegel P. , and Lau

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Josyane Ronchail, Marianne Cohen, María Alonso-Roldán, Hélène Garcin, Benjamin Sultan, and Stéphane Angles

, S. , and Coauthors , 2013a : Future climate projections. Regional Assessment of Climate Change in the Mediterranean, A. Navarra and L. Tubiana, Eds., Advances in Global Change Research, Vol. 50, Springer, 53–118 . Gualdi, S. , and Coauthors , 2013b : The CIRCE simulations: Regional climate change projections with realistic representation of the Mediterranean Sea . Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. , 94 , 65 – 81 , doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00136.1 . Hallegatte, S. , Przyluski V. , and Vogt

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Kirsti Jylhä, Heikki Tuomenvirta, Kimmo Ruosteenoja, Hanna Niemi-Hugaerts, Krista Keisu, and Juha A. Karhu

CMIP3 archive, 4 were discarded because they did not fulfill the following criteria: the land–sea distribution is realistically described over the European and North Atlantic region; the model performance in representing the current climate is satisfactory; and useable model data are available for at least two of the three SRES scenarios. In the absence of simulations by a GCM for one of the scenarios, a pattern-scaling method ( Ruosteenoja et al. 2007 ) was applied to approximate the missing

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L. Bruce Railsback

transoceanic discontinuous empires. In addition to those 10 empires, Russia ruled an empire that was by definition geographically discontinuous and multicontinental and transoceanic, but the last of those three qualifications hinged on the 82 km of the Bering Strait, less than the width of Lake Michigan. Russia additionally held a concession in Tianjin ( Johnstone 1937 ). Italy ruled an empire that was not truly transoceanic because its African holdings were only across the Mediterranean Sea, but it

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Katerina Papagiannaki, Vassiliki Kotroni, Kostas Lagouvardos, Isabelle Ruin, and Antonis Bezes

account greatly differ ( Jonkman 2005 ; Molinari et al. 2014 ; Ruin et al. 2008 ; Terti et al. 2015 ). Over the last few decades, the Mediterranean area was frequently affected by flash floods due to heavy rain associated with intense cyclones ( Flaounas et al. 2016 ; Lagouvardos et al. 2007 , 1996 ). The complex topography of the Mediterranean, which is characterized by steep mountains close to the sea, further favors flash floods ( Jansa et al. 2014 ). Because flash floods are extreme and

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Chukwuma Otum Ume, Ogochukwu Onah, Kehinde Paul Adeosun, Onyekwe Chris Nnamdi, Nice Nneoma Ihedioha, Chukwuemeka Onyia, and Ezinne Orie Idika

include change in food choices, adjustment in farm practices, sea defenses, and government regulations, respectively. This was more comprehensive and overarching. According to Smit and Wandel (2006) , most of the individual and household adaptation decisions fall within the policy and behavioral categories. Porter et al. (2014) then grouped these policy and behavioral measures into two main types, which they termed the “coping responses “and “adaptations.” While the coping responses are more

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Jonathan Friedrich, Jannik Stahl, Gijsbert Hoogendoorn, and Jennifer M. Fitchett

threshold of rain for beach tourism as <1 mm per day in Spain and <60 min of rain per day in the Mediterranean Sea region. According to Gómez-Martín and Martínez-Ibarra (2012) , the number of rain days is seen to be a threshold for beach tourism: in general, any day with >5 mm of rain is defined as heavy rainfall event or persistent rainfall event in South Africa ( Dyson 2009 ). The beach tourists’ climate perceptions were analyzed based on the mentioned premises. In accordance to the abovementioned

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