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Philippe Lucas-Picher, Jens H. Christensen, Fahad Saeed, Pankaj Kumar, Shakeel Asharaf, Bodo Ahrens, Andrew J. Wiltshire, Daniela Jacob, and Stefan Hagemann

. (2009) showed that the implementation of an irrigation scheme reduces the warm bias of the Max Planck Institute Regional Model (REMO) for the north of India and improves the precipitation distribution. Recently, Dobler and Ahrens (2010) performed RCM simulations with the Consortium for Small-Scale Modelling (COSMO) Climate Local Model (CLM) RCM over South Asia, using the ECHAM5–Max Planck Institute Ocean Model (MPIOM) GCM and the 45-yr European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Re

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Pete Falloon, Richard Betts, Andrew Wiltshire, Rutger Dankers, Camilla Mathison, Doug McNeall, Paul Bates, and Mark Trigg

fractional coverage calculations in the optional canopy model; a new implicit numerical scheme for updating temperatures and moisture contents of soil layers; and inclusion of increments due to snowmelt or limited moisture availability within the implicit calculation of surface heat and moisture fluxes. A direct comparison of MOSES1 and MOSES2 has not been performed, but the performance of MOSES 2 is discussed in climate simulations by Essery et al. (2003) and in mesoscale forecasts by Best et al

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Aristeidis G. Koutroulis, Aggeliki-Eleni K. Vrohidou, and Ioannis K. Tsanis

used, and it was deduced that the proposed procedure could be easily applied to an area of mesoscale dimensions. It was also concluded that a significantly persistent drought occurrence was noted during the period 1987–94, while distinct drought events were observed in the years 1973–74, 1976–77, 1985–86, and 1999–2000. Additionally, Tsakiris et al. (2007) estimated drought areal extent for eastern Crete using the SPI and reconnaissance drought index (RDI), and deduced that the driest year during

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