Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 3 of 3 items for :

  • Middle atmosphere x
  • Ocean Turbulence x
  • All content x
Clear All
Jonathan Gula, M. Jeroen Molemaker, and James C. McWilliams

Scatterometer (QuikSCAT) scatterometer winds [Scatterometer Climatology of Ocean Wind (SCOW); Risien and Chelton 2008 ]. Heat and freshwater atmospheric forcing are from the Comprehensive Ocean–Atmosphere Data Set (COADS; Silva et al. 1994 ). Freshwater atmospheric forcing has an additional restoring tendency to prevent surface salinity from drifting away from climatological values. This weak restoring is toward climatological monthly surface salinity from the World Ocean Atlas ( WOA ; Conkright et al

Full access
Ryan Abernathey and Paola Cessi

and planetary atmospheres, sometimes referred to as “baroclinic equilibration,” of determining the statistical properties of eddy heat transport as a function of large-scale parameters ( Green 1970 ; Stone 1972 ; Held 1999 ; Schneider 2006 ; Jansen and Ferrari 2012 ). The classical approach of assuming adjustment to a marginally baroclinically unstable state ( Stone 1972 ; Straub 1993 ) is inappropriate for the ACC, not only because unstable modes always exist in the continuously stratified

Full access
Michael A. Spall

known, but it is thought that both baroclinic eddies (e.g., Manley and Hunkins 1985 ) and wind forcing (e.g., Pickart et al. 2013 ) may be important. This stable stratification allows the surface waters to become very cold and for ice to form. This provides an effective barrier to strong exchange between the waters below the upper halocline and the atmosphere, although there is a net heat loss of O (2 − 10 W m −2 ) from the ocean to the ice (e.g., Maykut 1982 ; Krishfield and Perovich 2005

Full access