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Roger Turner

example, Walker spends several pages narrating bureaucratic disagreements about the design of a new building between 1905 and 1910 (157–163). This section becomes more meaningful in light of David Livingstone’s (2003) exploration of how place shapes the production of scientific knowledge. Several historians have argued that new government scientific bureaus were crucial for the emergence of scientific careers for middle-class professionals in the second half of the nineteenth century, in contrast to

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José L. Hernández, Syewoon Hwang, Francisco Escobedo, April H. Davis, and James W. Jones

were assessed separately and water use distribution was used to help explain changes in this land use category. We did not limit our study to the administrative boundary of the SWFWMD, but chose the wider coast to coast central Florida region in the modeling domain to better analyze comprehensive ocean–atmosphere–terrestrial interactions of major influence on peninsular climate conditions. Fig . 1. (a) The 1995–2006 evolution of LUC showed a dominant increase of 128 000 ha (26.6%) in urban areas

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Auwal F. Abdussalam, Andrew J. Monaghan, Daniel F. Steinhoff, Vanja M. Dukic, Mary H. Hayden, Thomas M. Hopson, John E. Thornes, and Gregor C. Leckebusch

, estimates of the potential future meningitis burden inform authorities as they develop mitigation and adaption strategies to protect the vulnerable populations ( Mendelsohn et al. 2006 ). In this study we assess the potential impact of future climate change on meningitis incidence in northwest Nigeria. Statistically downscaled variables from atmosphere–ocean global climate model (AOGCM) projections from phase 5 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Experiment (CMIP5; Taylor et al. 2012 ) are used as

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Ben Orlove

Friday, New York residents awoke Saturday morning to gray skies, drizzle, and heavy humid air. The winds gradually increased, and heavy rain pelted the city late that night and early Sunday morning. The storm passed over the city Sunday around 0900 LST and abated quickly. The reaction to the storm would have been different if it had reached the city at the middle of a busy weekday. The key risk communicators were public officials, who took dramatic, highly visible steps to respond to Irene. The New

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E. Coffel and R. Horton

category. b. Bias correction The bias-correction procedure used on the CMIP5 model data is seen to improve the model temperature distributions in the historical period. Figure A1 shows the temperature distributions for the uncorrected CMIP5 (left), corrected CMIP5 (middle), and observations (right) at each airport (rows). The corrected distributions are seen to match the observed distributions well, especially at the high end, which is what this study is concerned with. Fig . A1. Temperature

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Katherine Foxhall

breezes breath And its stillness almost seems The pulseless calm of death. He added: “nothing but scorching rays from a burning sun fills the atmosphere—the sails hang from the yards and are motionless.” Except for circling sharks, everything seemed “at a standstill” ( White 1863 , Part 3). Later in the diary, White wrote that a consumptive girl had “lingered on and on through the hot weather gradually getting weaker and weaker til [sic] at last conveyed to the hospital she died” ( White 1863 , Part 4

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Rebecca Bendick, Kyla M. Dahlin, Brian V. Smoliak, Lori Kumler, Sierra J. Jones, Athena Aktipis, Ezekiel Fugate, Rachel Hertog, Claus Moberg, and Dane Scott

1. Introduction Few scientists or policy makers now dispute the importance of mitigating human-based emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), especially carbon dioxide, to the atmosphere. The possible results of increasing emission rates include catastrophic and rapid changes to earth’s climate system with consequent impacts on human welfare ( Bernstein et al. 2007 ). In 2004, Pacala and Socolow proposed a portfolio of options or “wedges” for reaching a CO 2 emissions reduction goal of stabilized

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Bogdan Antonescu, David M. Schultz, Hugo M. A. M. Ricketts, and Dragoş Ene

they’re soaked to the limit with water and compelled to move about while sagging low all teeming with rain, and then in this heavy state they collide with one another and make those sounds of cracking and rumbling. Strepsiades: But who is it then who compels them to move, well isn’t it Zeus himself? Socrates: Not at all! It’s the swirl of the atmosphere. Strepsiades: The swirl? It was lost on me that Zeus just doesn’t exist but instead it’s swirl that rules the world. But you haven’t yet taught me

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Markus Enenkel, Daniel Osgood, Martha Anderson, Bristol Powell, Jessica McCarty, Christopher Neigh, Mark Carroll, Margaret Wooten, Greg Husak, Christopher Hain, and Molly Brown

without improving the growing conditions of crops during times of drought. Fig . 2. Schematic illustration of index insurance trigger and exit points, linking cumulative rainfall (mm) to payouts (USD). 2. The role of satellite data Agriculture generally depends largely on a balanced hydrologic cycle, because vegetation activity relies on moisture supply and the atmosphere’s energy budget. In rain-fed agriculture the hydrologic cycle is driven by rainfall providing moisture for the root zone of crops

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S. Niggol Seo

increase in the atmosphere on crop yields. Therefore, they are nearly not capable of capturing the impacts of climate variability that occur for a long period of time ( Porter and Semenov 2005 ). This paper can fill this critical gap in the literature by relying on behavioral observations of farmers. Risk, small or large, is a fact of life. People always make decisions under uncertainty and in consideration of risks. Economists have delved into decision making under risks when financial returns are

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