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Patrik Benáček and Máté Mile

SEVIRI ( Montmerle et al. 2007 ), and 80 km for IASI ( Guidard et al. 2011 ). In ARPEGE, the assimilation density is 139 km for ATOVS, 100 km for IASI, and 125 km for SEVIRI. b. The VarBC configurations in ALADIN We evaluate the performance of the VarBC-LAM and VarBC-global configurations in the framework of the limited-area model ALADIN. In VarBC-global, bias coefficients are adopted from the global model ARPEGE at each analysis time without any initialization period. To assure a consistent set of

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Bradley W. Klotz and David S. Nolan

modified version of an observing system simulation experiment (OSSE; Arnold and Dey 1986 ; Atlas 1997 ). In this type of experiment, a current or potential observing system can be simulated in a numerical model for the purposes of validating sampling strategies, model performance, and data assimilation techniques. The latter two of these examples are beyond the scope of this work, and our main focus is to evaluate the existing hurricane hunter sampling strategies. Uhlhorn and Nolan (2012) employed

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Bruce Albrecht, Virendra Ghate, Johannes Mohrmann, Robert Wood, Paquita Zuidema, Christopher Bretherton, Christian Schwartz, Edwin Eloranta, Susanne Glienke, Shaunna Donaher, Mampi Sarkar, Jeremy McGibbon, Alison D. Nugent, Raymond A. Shaw, Jacob Fugal, Patrick Minnis, Robindra Paliknoda, Louis Lussier, Jorgen Jensen, J. Vivekanandan, Scott Ellis, Peisang Tsai, Robert Rilling, Julie Haggerty, Teresa Campos, Meghan Stell, Michael Reeves, Stuart Beaton, John Allison, Gregory Stossmeister, Samuel Hall, and Sebastian Schmidt

be valuable for constructing and analyzing better models of MBL cloud and its sensitivity to environmental conditions. The Eulerian and Lagrangian samplings from CSET also provide valuable datasets for directly evaluating forecast models and general circulation models (GCMs) used in forecast mode. Based on this background, the following scientific goals were determined for CSET: Define the evolution of the cloud, precipitation, and aerosol fields in stratocumulus clouds as they transition into

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Christopher S. Bretherton, Isabel L. McCoy, Johannes Mohrmann, Robert Wood, Virendra Ghate, Andrew Gettelman, Charles G. Bardeen, Bruce A. Albrecht, and Paquita Zuidema

the estimated inversion strength (EIS) ( Wood and Bretherton 2006 ) and aerosol concentration. Our third goal is to demonstrate the potential for comparing data from individual flights with observationally constrained global model simulations sampled along the flight tracks, to evaluate model performance in this challenging regime. This includes reanalysis, as well as climate model simulations with winds and temperature (but not humidity, clouds, and aerosol) nudged toward reanalysis. We attempt

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Jenny V. Turton, Thomas Mölg, and Dirk Van As

: Comprehensive evaluation of Polar Weather Research and Forecasting Model performance in the Antarctic . J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. , 118 , 274 – 292 , . 10.1029/2012JD018139 Carr , J. R. , C. R. Stokes , and A. Vieli , 2013 : Recent progress in understanding marine-terminating Arctic outlet glacier response to climatic and oceanic forcing . Prog. Phys. Geogr. , 37 , 436 – 467 , . 10.1177/0309133313483163 Dee

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Jothiram Vivekanandan, Virendra P. Ghate, Jorgen B. Jensen, Scott M. Ellis, and M. Christian Schwartz

, 2012 : An intercomparison of radar-based liquid cloud microphysics retrievals and implications for model evaluation studies . Atmos. Meas. Tech. , 5 , 1409 – 1424 , . 10.5194/amt-5-1409-2012 Khain , A. , M. Pinsky , L. Magaritz , O. Krasnov , and H. W. J. Russchenberg , 2008 : Combined observational and model investigations of the Z –LWC relationship in stratocumulus clouds . J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol. , 47 , 591 – 606 , https

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M. Christian Schwartz, Virendra P. Ghate, Bruce. A. Albrecht, Paquita Zuidema, Maria P. Cadeddu, Jothiram Vivekanandan, Scott M. Ellis, Pei Tsai, Edwin W. Eloranta, Johannes Mohrmann, Robert Wood, and Christopher S. Bretherton

. , and Coauthors , 2007 : Cloudnet: Continuous evaluation of cloud profiles in seven operational models using ground-based observations . Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. , 88 , 883 – 898 , . 10.1175/BAMS-88-6-883 Klingebiel , M. , and Coauthors , 2015 : Arctic low-level boundary layer clouds: In situ measurements and simulations of mono- and bimodal supercooled droplet size distributions at the top layer of the liquid phase clouds . Atmos. Chem. Phys. , 15

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Vasubandhu Misra and Amit Bhardwaj

: Evaluation of CMIP5 coupled atmosphere–ocean general circulation models and projection of the Southeast Asian winter monsoon in the 21st century . Int. J. Climatol. , 34 , 2872 – 2884 , . 10.1002/joc.3880 Singh , N. , and N. A. Sontakke , 1999 : On the variability and prediction of rainfall in the post-monsoon season over India . Int. J. Climatol. , 19 , 309 – 339 ,<309::AID-JOC361>3.0.CO;2-# . 10

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