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Dudley B. Chelton and Russ E. Davis

VOLUME 12 JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY AUGUST 1982Monthly Mean Sea-Level Variability Along the West Coast of North America DUDLEY B. CHELTONJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena 91109 Russ E. DAVISScripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jells, CA 92093(Manuscript received 29 October 1980, in final form 3 May 1982) ABSTRACT Linear

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Peter M. Saunders

JuLY1977 PETER M. SAUNDERS 555Wind Stress on the Ocean over the Eastern Continental Sheff of North America1 PETER M. SAUNDERS2Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass. 02543(Manuscript received 8 December 1976, in revised form 2 March 1977) ABSTRACT Employing one million ship reports gathered in the years 1941

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George R. Halliwell Jr. and J. S. Allen

864 JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY VOLUMEI4Large-Scale Sea Level Response to Atmospheric Forcing along the West Coast of North America, Summer 1973 GEORGE R. HALLIWELL, JR. AND .], S. ALLENCollege of Oceanography. Oregon State University, Corvallis. OR 97331(Manuscript received 19 October 1983, in final form 21 February 1984)ABSTRACT Along the west coast of North America, the

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Weifeng G. Zhang, John L. Wilkin, and Robert J. Chant

boundary was adjusted to conserve the total volume of the model domain, and the gradient of depth-averaged normal flow with respect to depth was preserved. In this study, the ambient current is assumed to be steady. The model applies bulk formulas ( Fairall et al. 2003 ) using marine boundary layer winds, temperature, humidity, and pressure from the North America Regional Reanalysis (NARR; Mesinger et al. 2006 ), and ROMS sea surface temperature and current to compute air–sea fluxes of momentum and

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Liang Wang, Jinyu Sheng, Alex E. Hay, and Douglas J. Schillinger

of the jet shifts north and affects the simulated flow at site SB2 if the observed wind stress at site SB3 is used to drive the coastal model (Exp-F). In comparison, the jetlike flow does not affect very much the simulated currents at site SB2 if the observed wind stress at SB2 is used (Exp-E). Figures 14c,d demonstrate that the use of observed wind stress at SB3 improves the agreement between the observed and simulated currents at day 271.78. It should be noted, however, that the model results

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D. B. Enfield and J. S. Allen

APRIL 1980 D.B. ENFIELD AND J. S. ALLEN 557On the Structure and Dynamics of Monthly Mean Sea Level Anomalies along the Pacific Coast of North and South America D. B. ENFIELD AND J. S. ALLENSchool of Oceanography, Oregon State University, Corvallis 97331(Manuscript received 6 August 1979, in final form 18 December 1979)ABSTRACT The behavior and relationship of anomalies of monthly mean

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Timothy R. Keen and Scott M. Glenn

MARCH 1995 KEEN AND GLENNA Coupled Hydrodynamic-Bottom Boundary Layer Mode~ olr Storm and Tidal Flow in the Middle Atlantic Bight of North America* TIMOTHY R. KEEN* * AND SCOTT M. GLENNInstitute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey(Manuscript received 12 October 1993, in final form 1 August 1994) ABSTRACT The effects of increased friction and tides on circulation in

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David Rivas, Antoine Badan, Julio Sheinbaum, José Ochoa, and Julio Candela

. 9. Time sequence of sea level anomaly maps (cm), at 3.5-day intervals, corresponding to MEd over the mooring location, denoted by a circle when the vertical velocity is positive at 333-m depth or by a cross when it is negative. The white line shows the Q 0 = 0.54 σ Q ( σ Q = 2.98 × 10 −11 s −2 ) contour, the same value of Fig. 8b . Notice that north-northeast of the mooring is SEd, which eventually affects it, as shown in Fig. 10 . Fig . 10. Same as in Fig. 9 , but for SEd. Fig . 11

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Ryuichiro Inoue and Chris Garrett

Abstract

If a current is composed of a number of constituents with different frequencies, then quadratic friction may be analyzed at the same frequencies. The ratios of the constituents of the friction differ from the ratios for the current itself, with a classic result being that for unidirectional flow a very weak current constituent experiences proportionately 50% more friction than a strong constituent. Here, exact results for the magnitude of the friction constituents are derived and confirmed numerically. The results are applied to the tidal currents in Juan de Fuca Strait and the Strait of Georgia, showing that minor constituents experience proportionately more friction than the main constituent by an amount that varies spatially but is typically less than the classic result of 50%. For two-dimensional currents it is shown that, if there are two current constituents with the same ellipticity and major axis direction, the friction coefficients are separable functions of the current constituent ratio and the ellipticity. Some results are derived for two constituents with different ellipticity and major axis direction. For the case of two constituents with rectilinear but misaligned currents, each constituent experiences friction inclined at an angle to its current. Last, the effect of a tidal current on the bottom friction experienced by a steady flow is investigated for arbitrary relative magnitudes and directions of the tide and steady flow. In particular, the inclination of the mean friction to the mean flow is quantified.

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Y. Wakata and Y. Sugimori

floating matter on the sea surface were simulated by using the surface currentdata based on shipdrift data produced by Meehl. The validity of the simulation was confirmed by comparingthe results of the model with the trajectories of satellite tracked drift in the eastern North Pacific observed byKirwan et al. Some cases which originated in the western North Pacific Ocean were investigated. It was foundthat drifters set in the ocean during spring quickly migrated to North America on the strong eastward

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