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Stewart J. Cohen

1420 JOURNAL OF APPLIED METEOROLOGY VOLUME20User Oriented Climatic Information for Planning a Snow Removal Budget STEWART J. COHENIIllinois State Water Survey, Champaign 61820 and Department of Geography, University of Illinois. Urbana 61801(Manuscript received 22 December 1980, in final form 18 March 1981)ABSTRACT Many activities associated with the transportation sector

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Maurice E. Graves and Morris Perlmutter

OCTOB~~ 1976 MAURICE E. GRAVES AND MORRIS PERLMUTTER 1041An Application of Markov Theory to Spacecraft Launch Planning M^URm~ E. G~AV~S~ Atqn Mo~IS PERLMr. ITTER2 ~rorthrop Services, Inc., Huntsville, Ala. 35805(Manuscript received 30 April 1975, in revised form 26 July 1975)ABSTRACT To illustrate the effective use of meteorological data in the planning of spacecraft launchings, certainstatistical relationships

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Erin Towler and David Yates

1. Introduction Multiyear climate prediction is a rapidly evolving field that aims to inform society of potential climate variability and change years to a decade in advance. Also called decadal prediction, outlooks at this time scale fill the gap between short-term (subseasonal to seasonal) and long-term (multidecadal to centennial) planning horizons. These decadal predictions are being informed by global climate models (GCMs) that are initialized based on current observations and run with

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Radley M. Horton, Vivien Gornitz, Daniel A. Bader, Alex C. Ruane, Richard Goldberg, and Cynthia Rosenzweig

1. Introduction This paper describes a methodological approach to stakeholder-driven climate hazard assessment developed for the New York, New York, metropolitan region ( Fig. 1 ). The methods were developed in support of the New York City Panel on Climate Change (NPCC; Rosenzweig and Solecki 2010 ). The NPCC is an advisory body to New York City’s Climate Change Adaptation Task Force (CCATF), formed by Mayor Michael Bloomberg in 2008 and overseen by the Mayor’s Office of Long Term Planning and

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Ikrom Artikov, Stacey J. Hoffman, Gary D. Lynne, Lisa M. Pytlik Zillig, Qi Hu, Alan J. Tomkins, Kenneth G. Hubbard, Michael J. Hayes, and William Waltman

forecasts of various kinds will influence farmer decisions and 2), for those being influenced, to predict the degree of the influence. These predictions are related empirically to an integrated combination of variables suggested by theoretical considerations in social psychology and behavioral economics. 2. Theoretical and empirical models Recall the theory of planned behavior (TPB; Ajzen 1985 , 1991 ) in the companion paper by Hu et al. (2006) : where A is action, I is intention, and f is a

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Gary L. Achtemeier

348JOURNAL. OF APPLIED METEOROLOGYVOLUME 18Planned Weather Modification and the Severe WeatherThreat in the Central High PlainsGARY L. AcBTEMEIERJihnois SSa~e Wok, Survey, Urbana 61.l'Ol(Manuscript received 20 July 1978, in final form 15 November 1978)ABSTRACTOperational and experimental convective cloud-seeding projects are often planned without regard to thenumber of seeding-opportunity days that can be lost because of the need to suspend operations during thethreat of severe weather. June

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Graham M. Armstrong and Ralph J. Donaldson Jr.

376JOURNAL O~ APPLIEI) METEOROLOGY\T0LuME 8Plan Shear Indicator for Real-Time Doppler Radar Identificationof Hazardous Storm WindsGRAHAM M. ARMSTRONG AND RALPH j. DONALDSON, fR.Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, Sudbuiy, MUSS.(Manuscript received 10 December 1968, in revised form 12 March 1969)ABSTRACTThe Plan Shear Indicator (['SI) is a new mode for display of meteorological Doppler radar informationwhich may prove to be valuable in identification of hazardous winds and turbulence in

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Barbara Casati, Abderrahmane Yagouti, and Diane Chaumont

2009, British Columbia has registered more than 200 excess deaths due to one week of high temperatures ( Kosatsky 2010 ). Another example comes from Montreal, Quebec, Canada, where 106 heat-related deaths were recorded after a 3-day heat event in July 2010 ( Bustinza et al. 2013 ). In response to EHE risks, several communities and countries have implemented Heat Alert and Response plans, in order to raise awareness of heat health risks among the general public, to help reduce heat-related morbidity

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Kremena Darmenova, Duane Apling, Glenn Higgins, Philip Hayes, and Heather Kiley

uncertainty relative to temperature projections. Nonetheless, the Southwest is one of the few regions globally for which there is consistent agreement among the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) projections, which point to a decrease in streamflow and an increase in drought conditions ( Dominguez et al. 2010 ). Over the next 10–50 years, policy makers in the Southwest are facing complex planning and policy issues associated with increasing water and energy demand as a result of warmer

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Stephen D. Eckermann, James D. Doyle, P. Alex Reinecke, Carolyn A. Reynolds, Ronald B. Smith, David C. Fritts, and Andreas Dörnbrack

instruments on the National Science Foundation (NSF)/National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Gulfstream V research aircraft (NGV; Laursen et al. 2006 ). Yet this very lack of observational knowledge about gravity waves that spurred DEEPWAVE also complicated logistical planning for an NGV-based gravity wave measurement campaign: for example, identifying the best site and time of year; designing near-real-time flight-planning strategies to locate, intercept, and observe specific aspects of gravity

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