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Lindsay Matthews, Jean Andrey, and Ian Picketts

Rietveld 2009 ; Wall et al. 2015 ; Wall and Meyer 2013 ; Picketts et al. 2016 ). A variety of factors impede the process of adaptation planning and the investment in planned adaptations in the transportation sector. First, climate change impacts and adaptions studies are not a high priority for transportation agencies in most countries ( Picketts et al. 2013 ; Burch 2010 ). Second, with an aging infrastructure, many jurisdictions are facing infrastructure deficits. As such, road authorities are

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Frauke Hoss and Paul Fischbeck

, because they were acutely aware of the uncertainty associated with NWS forecasts. Last, EMs preferred using official weather forecasts rather than their own view on the situation to communicate with the public, because the forecasts represent the official assessment of the situation. b. The Theory of Planned Behavior When using forecasts to prepare for weather-related events, EMs consider a number of things such as their evaluation of the forecast, the social repercussions of using/not using various

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Hege Westskog, Grete K. Hovelsrud, and Göran Sundqvist

many European nations, including Norway, municipalities have been assigned the responsibility for local climate adaptation, but the resources and relevant background knowledge (e.g., maps and vulnerability assessments) are not available at the municipal scale. These are only developed for the national and county levels. The authorities expect the knowledge and tools to be highly useful for municipal planning, assuming linearity from national scientific assessments to local implementation. Municipal

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Gabrielle Wong-Parodi, Baruch Fischhoff, and Ben Strauss

at least a college degree; 30.1% worked in public service (government, police, local government), 23.1% in education (high school, college), 23.1% in other professions (speech therapist, building owner), 15.4% in real estate, and 15.4% in service industries; and 41.6% were female. 2) Interview protocol The interview protocol was informed by nine informal interviews with emergency planning and preparedness experts working in coastal communities in New Jersey and New York, eliciting their

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Kyle Andrew Poyar and Nancy Beller-Simms

overall effectiveness. Far less attention has been paid, however, on whether and how these government bodies are planning to adapt to the impacts of climate change ( Moser 2009 ; Betsill and Bulkeley 2007 ). Meanwhile, as Moser (2009) writes, “adaptation has finally, and explosively, emerged on the political agenda … [but] the current policy rush is not underlain by widespread public engagement and mobilization nor does it rest on a solid research foundation.” This paper presents a case

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Samuel Tang and Suraje Dessai

currency in evidence-based policy-making ( Young et al. 2002 ; Sutcliffe and Court 2005 ). Therefore, the need to produce and disseminate comprehensive, robust, and trustworthy scientific information to inform policy design is essential ( Dilling and Lemos 2011 ). An emerging policy priority where scientific information is considered to be particularly important for decision-making is adaptation planning (or governance), which, in contrast to mitigation, aims to deal with the consequences rather than

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Jason C. Senkbeil, Meganne S. Rockman, and John B. Mason

an actual tornado event. Respondents were presented with a tornado-at-home scenario and a tornado-while-driving scenario. For the at-home scenario, most respondents (82%) preferred to stay in the home, and for the driving scenario most respondents (72%) indicated that they would leave their vehicles to seek shelter. No previous research has been directly devoted to changes in individual shelter-seeking plans of residents after a significant tornado event. Using Tuscaloosa, Alabama, as a case

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Neda Kazemi, Maryam Sharifzadeh, and Mostafa Ahmadvand

( Borges et al. 2014a ). Among theoretical models that explain human behavior (attribution theory, bureaucracy theory, cognitive dissonance theory, technology acceptance model, theory of reasoned action, etc.; Lee 2006 ), this paper uses sociobehavioral constructs from the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to analyze factors affecting the orchardists’ frost-protection behavior. However, the main rationale behind choosing the TPB was to gain an understanding of the predictable nature of frost

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Rachel E. Riley

1. Introduction Climate hazard risk assessments have been a required component of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Multihazard Mitigation Plan (HMP) since the Disaster Mitigation Act was passed in 2000 (Public Law 106-390). State, tribal, territorial, and local jurisdictions are required to have a FEMA-approved plan to receive certain types of nonemergency disaster assistance, including funding for mitigation projects ( FEMA 2019 ). Hazard mitigation is recognized as a wise

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Shannon M. McNeeley and Heather Lazrus

levels, and institutional cultures also carry significance for addressing climate adaptation, for example, informing how priorities and metrics for success are set and evaluated. While still understudied, climate researchers are increasingly recognizing that culture is critical to understand in order to address climate change through adaptation (and mitigation) policy and planning measures ( Gerlach and Rayner 1988 ; Rayner 1991 ; O’Riordan and Jordan 1999 ; Kahan and Braman 2006 ; Adger et al

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