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W. L. Ellenburg, R. T. McNider, J. F. Cruise, and John R. Christy

-use shift. Long-term temperature and land-cover datasets will be employed to examine the linking trends. Eddy flux tower data will be compiled over the region along with satellite data and a crop model to quantify the different biogeophysical characteristics associated with the major LULC changes. The goal of this paper is to estimate a net radiative forcing from several perspectives as a result of the LULC change. The analyses will also be supported by skin temperature and albedo observations from

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A L. Hirsch, A. J. Pitman, J. Kala, R. Lorenz, and M. G. Donat

parameterizations implemented in this study include the WRF Single-Moment 5-Class Microphysics scheme, the Rapid Radiative Transfer Model longwave scheme ( Mlawer et al. 1997 ), and the Dudhia shortwave scheme ( Dudhia 1989 ). 2.3. Implementation of land-cover change The Australian Surveying and Land Information Group ( AUSLIG 1990 ) provide land-cover information for pre-European (1788, hereafter NATIVE) and post-European (1988, hereafter PRESENT) settlement of Australia. Both land-cover distributions are

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Pedro Sequera, Jorge E. González, Kyle McDonald, Steve LaDochy, and Daniel Comarazamy

absorption and the sky irradiance through the moderate resolution atmospheric transmission (MODTRAN 3.5) radiative transfer model ( Berk et al. 2005 ). Additional details on MASTER’s atmospheric corrections can be found in Hook et al. (2001) . TES is a hybridization of two algorithms: the normalized emissivity method (NEM) and the alpha residual method. First, emissivities and temperatures are estimated with the NEM method using an iterative approach to remove downwelling sky irradiance. Next, the NEM

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Edward Armstrong, Paul Valdes, Jo House, and Joy Singarayer

-3040.2007.01641.x . Arora , V. , 2002 : Modeling vegetation as a dynamic component in soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer schemes and hydrological models . Rev. Geophys. , 40 , 1006 , doi: 10.1029/2001RG000103 . Bala , G. , K. Caldeira , A. Mirin , M. Wickett , C. Delire , and T. J. Phillips , 2006 : Biogeophysical effects of CO 2 fertilization on global climate . Tellus , 58B , 620 – 627 , doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2006.00210.x . Bala , G. , K. Caldeira , M. Wickett , T. J

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