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S. Hoekstra, K. Klockow, R. Riley, J. Brotzge, H. Brooks, and S. Erickson

region represents the hypothesized zone in which the authors suspect tornadoes to fall. With respect to a hazard warning lead time, the temporal aspects may have very different properties than merely increasing uncertainty due to delay of impact (as with cancer risk). In fact, a variety of competing effects are possible. An increase in lead time may increase the certainty individuals feel in their ability to respond, and make an event seem more observable, providing the opportunity for better risk

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Maria A. F. Silva Dias

. Fig . 1. South American map with the five regions in Brazil, the south (S), southeast (SE), central-west (CW), northeast (NE), and north (N). 3. Geographical distribution and trends of tornado reports Brazil is a country with various regional climates, from very equatorial in the north to the subtropical climate in the south. The five political regions in Fig. 1 are also distinguished by well-defined regional climates. Satyamurti et al. (1999) describe the average climate of each region and

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Bimal Kanti Paul and Mitchel Stimers

. 2 According to the 2010 population census, 13 547 people—27% of the city’s population—resided in the 500 census blocks directly affected by the tornado ( U.S. Census Bureau 2010 ). The Joplin tornado destroyed 4000 homes and damaged 3000 others, causing displacement of at least 9200 people. It destroyed 553 businesses of varying sizes and affected nearly 4000 jobs ( Joplin Globe 2011a ). 3 One of the community’s two hospitals, St. John’s Regional Medical Center, was heavily damaged, which

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Walker S. Ashley, Stephen Strader, Troy Rosencrants, and Andrew J. Krmenec

such as those found in metropolitan regions. Advances in computing capabilities and software have permitted the ability of models to predict impacts of hazards using components that represent weather events, exposure rates, and measures of social and/or physical vulnerabilities ( Burton 2010 ). Modeling research has focused most notably on hurricane, flood, and earthquake effects (e.g., Pinelli et al. 2004 ; Burton 2010 ; Dell’Acqua et al. 2013 ; Remo et al. 2012 ; Remo and Pinter 2012

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Richard W. Dixon and Todd W. Moore

particular site and situation. This information, however, may also be used at the regional scale (e.g., CWAs and councils of governments) for general identification of problematic areas. Likewise, state-level officials and planners may use this information to facilitate design and implement hazard awareness programs in counties and regions with high vulnerability. The methods presented in this study can be refined to include additional variables. For example, people are more susceptible to nocturnal

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Jason C. Senkbeil, Meganne S. Rockman, and John B. Mason

ranges in price from $6600 to $8700 (2011 U.S. dollars). Certain individuals meet requirements to have up to 75% of the total cost offset ( FEMA 2012 ). Many impacted Tuscaloosa residents lack sufficient property size for an external shelter and lack sufficient income to install an internal safe room. The (no, no) group displayed sentiments of fatalistic attitudes and hopelessness once thought to be a regional phenomenon ( Sims and Bauman 1972 ). It should be noted that this was the smallest group

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Philip L. Chaney, Greg S. Weaver, Susan A. Youngblood, and Kristin Pitts

on external and environmental circumstances, including fate, are described as having an external LOC ( Spittal et al. 2002 ). Sims and Bauman (1972) found that people with an internal LOC were better prepared for a tornado. However, their conclusions about regional differences in LOC, with people from the southern United States having a more fatalistic outlook on life than people from the northern United States, were challenged in subsequent studies ( Biddle 1994 ; Cohen and Nisbett 1998 ). It

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Amber Silver and Jean Andrey

( Statistics Canada 2012 ). The downtown core of Goderich is an octagonal traffic circle, which houses a number of businesses, including four banking institutions, two art galleries, a historic hotel, and numerous specialty stores. The Huron County Courthouse, which provides family, criminal, and court services for the region, is located at the center of the square. As a regional service center, Goderich provides retail, municipal, and economic functions for the surrounding area. Fig . 1. Map of Goderich

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