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Jinyang Du and Qiang Liu

precipitation at the regional scale (100 km) while other researchers believe TGD is not large enough to influence the regional climate ( Wu et al. 2012 ; Miller et al. 2005 ). It is noted that these studies on TGD have focused on the effects of the reservoir itself on its vicinity area instead of all the relevant factors in the whole Yangtze River basin. Indeed, the huge artificial structure not only means increased evaporation from the huge standing water and decreased downstream during its impoundment

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Wondmagegn Yigzaw, Faisal Hossain, and Alfred Kalyanapu

countries ( Biswas and Tortajada 2001 ). In recent decades, the climatic impact of change of land use and land cover (LULC) on local, regional, and global climate has been the subject of intensive research ( Woldemichael et al. 2012 ; Degu et al. 2011 ; Hossain et al. 2011 ; Yang et al. 2011 ; Mishra et al. 2010 ; Niehoff et al. 2002 ). Impacts of LULC changes on the hydrological process via atmospheric processes (changes in rainfall patterns) appear to be less understood, even though the impacts

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G. T. Aronica and B. Bonaccorso

1. Introduction In recent years, an increasing attention has been paid to hydropower generation, since it is a renewable, efficient, and reliable source of energy, as well as an asset to reduce the atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases resulting from human activities. At the same time, however, hydropower is among the most vulnerable industries to global warming, because water resources are closely linked to climate changes. Indeed, the effects of climate change on water availability

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Alfred J. Kalyanapu, A. K. M. Azad Hossain, Jinwoo Kim, Wondmagegn Yigzaw, Faisal Hossain, and C. K. Shum

.S. National Inventory of Dams, around 16% of the dams are primarily used for controlling floods and thus are located near urban centers and areas ( ASDSO 2009 ). The downstream flood risks of the dams are dynamic and are affected by various stressors. Specifically, climate impacts and increasing urbanization will lead to increase in magnitude of extreme events ( Karl et al. 2009 ), thus increasing flood risk. Recent research on the presence of dams influencing local, mesoscale, or regional climate ( Degu

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Tim Bardsley, Andrew Wood, Mike Hobbins, Tracie Kirkham, Laura Briefer, Jeff Niermeyer, and Steven Burian

range of potential impacts of climate change or variability with regard to runoff timing, volume, and severe drought in their specific water supply basins. This paper describes the investigation of these potential impacts by a collaborative effort among utility staff, a federal agency, and universities that was facilitated by the Western Water Assessment (WWA), a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)-funded Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments program. To facilitate use of

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Mohammad Karamouz, Erfan Goharian, and Sara Nazif

Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) hydrological model in order to analyze the water resource of the Indian river system under the possible impact of the climate change. The severity of flood and drought is analyzed to find the vulnerable areas within the constraints of the uncertainty of climate change projections. In this study, because of the lack of a regional climate model (RCM) in the study area, different GCMs have been used to define the extreme scenarios of climate change. Table 1. List of the

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M. Sekhar, M. Shindekar, Sat K. Tomer, and P. Goswami

groundwater resource for meeting irrigation ( van der Gun 2012 ) and more so of water resource needs of urban/rural water utilities. Furthermore, in certain situations the impact of human activities (e.g., land-use/land-cover changes, urbanization) are found to be much stronger than the climate variability ( Scanlon et al. 2007 ) itself, and hence there is a need to characterize the coupled effects of human activities and climate change on the groundwater system for developing sustainable groundwater

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