Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for :

  • GFDL'S Coupled Model-3 (CM3): Dynamics, Physical Parameterizations, and Simulations x
  • All content x
Clear All
Stephen M. Griffies, Michael Winton, Leo J. Donner, Larry W. Horowitz, Stephanie M. Downes, Riccardo Farneti, Anand Gnanadesikan, William J. Hurlin, Hyun-Chul Lee, Zhi Liang, Jaime B. Palter, Bonita L. Samuels, Andrew T. Wittenberg, Bruce L. Wyman, Jianjun Yin, and Niki Zadeh

coupling to the atmosphere, sea ice, and river runoff from land. SST bias patterns form a primary metric used to judge the integrity of a climate simulation, with biases impacted by the suite of ocean surface buoyancy and momentum fluxes, as well as the realism of surface ocean flow. Figure 2 shows maps of the SST biases for CM2.1 and CM3 relative to the climatology of Reynolds et al. (2002) . The global mean bias is roughly the same for both models, and some large-scale features are common. However

Full access
Leo J. Donner, Bruce L. Wyman, Richard S. Hemler, Larry W. Horowitz, Yi Ming, Ming Zhao, Jean-Christophe Golaz, Paul Ginoux, S.-J. Lin, M. Daniel Schwarzkopf, John Austin, Ghassan Alaka, William F. Cooke, Thomas L. Delworth, Stuart M. Freidenreich, C. T. Gordon, Stephen M. Griffies, Isaac M. Held, William J. Hurlin, Stephen A. Klein, Thomas R. Knutson, Amy R. Langenhorst, Hyun-Chul Lee, Yanluan Lin, Brian I. Magi, Sergey L. Malyshev, P. C. D. Milly, Vaishali Naik, Mary J. Nath, Robert Pincus, Jeffrey J. Ploshay, V. Ramaswamy, Charles J. Seman, Elena Shevliakova, Joseph J. Sirutis, William F. Stern, Ronald J. Stouffer, R. John Wilson, Michael Winton, Andrew T. Wittenberg, and Fanrong Zeng

height, saturated-area fraction, and groundwater discharge to streams derived from standard groundwater–hydraulic assumptions and surface topographic information; finite-velocity horizontal transport of runoff via rivers to the ocean; lakes, lake ice, and lake-ice snow packs that exchange mass and energy with both the atmosphere and the rivers; and consistent, energy-conserving accounting of sensible heat content of water in all its phases. Carbon balance and the determination of vegetation structure

Full access