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G. T. Aronica and B. Bonaccorso

European rivers is projected to decrease with increasing temperatures and decreasing precipitation. In particular, some river basins in the Mediterranean regions may see decreases of 10% or more below today's levels by 2030. The objective of this study is to qualitatively investigate the effects of predicted short-term climate change scenarios on hydropower potential of the Alcantara River basin, located in the eastern part of Sicily, Italy. The interest in this case study is twofold: on the one hand

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Wondmagegn Yigzaw, Faisal Hossain, and Alfred Kalyanapu

river basins. The scale at which LULC changes impact atmospheric patterns varies based on the process that is affected. In general, such impacts are less observed in larger scales ( Blöschl et al. 2007 ). The atmospheric process can be affected to a larger extent than hydrological processes as these hydrological processes are bounded by physical watershed boundary unlike atmospheric processes ( Woldemichael et al. 2012 ; Yigzaw et al. 2012 ). The worst case is when both the atmospheric and

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Alfred J. Kalyanapu, A. K. M. Azad Hossain, Jinwoo Kim, Wondmagegn Yigzaw, Faisal Hossain, and C. K. Shum

1. Introduction The growth and prosperity of human civilization over the centuries resulted in more than 40% of the world’s population living within 15 km of rivers ( Small and Cohen 2004 ), dramatically increasing the vulnerability to floods. By 2050, 70% of the world’s population is projected to be living in large cities ( Cohen 2003 ). With increasing urbanization and changing patterns of climate and extreme weather ( Burby 2001 ; McCarthy et al. 2001 ; Montz and Gruntfest 2002

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Jinyang Du and Qiang Liu

1. Introduction The Three Gorges Dam (TGD) spanning the Yangtze River in Hubei Province, China, is the largest hydroelectric project in the world. The megaproject was built to control Yangtze River floods, generate hydropower, and improve the transportation capacity at the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. Controlling the catastrophic floods downstream is the most important function of TGD since every few decades major flooding of the Yangtze occurs. However, as one of the heaviest manmade

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Brandon L. Parkes, Hannah L. Cloke, Florian Pappenberger, Jeff Neal, and David Demeritt

reality ( Hunter et al. 2005 ). However, the nature of floods is such that a parameter set that accurately simulates one flood may not be representative for subsequent flood events of a different magnitude. Since extreme flood events are, by definition, rare and difficult to access safely, the observational data available are always limited. There is a variety of different sources of data on flood inundation extent, marked by their own limitations. Recordings of water levels from river gauges in or

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Tim Bardsley, Andrew Wood, Mike Hobbins, Tracie Kirkham, Laura Briefer, Jeff Niermeyer, and Steven Burian

the NOAA Colorado Basin River Forecast Center's operational hydrologic modeling framework and to simplify communication with water managers in the United States, results are reported in imperial units. The primary objective of this study is to inform water management and long-range planning decisions through a partial bottom-up assessment ( Brown and Wilby 2012 ) of SLC system sensitivities to potential vulnerabilities in water supplies given climate operational adaptation options and measures

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Mohammad Karamouz, Erfan Goharian, and Sara Nazif

Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) hydrological model in order to analyze the water resource of the Indian river system under the possible impact of the climate change. The severity of flood and drought is analyzed to find the vulnerable areas within the constraints of the uncertainty of climate change projections. In this study, because of the lack of a regional climate model (RCM) in the study area, different GCMs have been used to define the extreme scenarios of climate change. Table 1. List of the

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M. Sekhar, M. Shindekar, Sat K. Tomer, and P. Goswami

: Groundwater and climate change: A sensitivity analysis for the Grand Forks aquifer, southern British Columbia, Canada . Hydrogeol. J. , 12 , 270 – 290 . Anandhi , A. , V. V. Srinivas , D. N. Kumar , and R. S. Nanjundiah , 2009 : Role of predictors in downscaling surface temperature to river basin in India for IPCC SRES scenarios using support vector machine . Int. J. Climatol. , 29 , 583 – 603 . Ashfaq , M. , Y. Shi , W.-W. Tung , R. J. Trapp , X. Gao , J. S. Pal , and N

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