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Dana R. N. Brown, Todd J. Brinkman, David L. Verbyla, Caroline L. Brown, Helen S. Cold, and Teresa N. Hollingsworth

1. Introduction In rural Alaskan communities, many of which are off the road system, people rely on rivers and lakes for travel and access to resources ( Johnson et al. 2016 ). During the summer, people navigate large waterbodies by boat or use all-terrain vehicles on a limited terrestrial trail network. However, the ability to traverse the landscape is greatly enhanced during the winter, when waterbodies, small and large, are firmly frozen and snow covers the landscape, allowing access by

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Kevin Werner, Kristen Averyt, and Gigi Owen

consideration of forecast information to objective utilization of forecast elements including the median forecast or a range of the forecast distribution. An increasingly common forecast application is to formally tie an operational decision to a median forecast value. An example of this is the coordinated operations guidelines for Lakes Powell and Mead on the Colorado River ( USBR 2007 ). These guidelines set decisions related to interstate water allocation and reservoir operations to the median forecasted

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Vikram M. Mehta, Cody L. Knutson, Norman J. Rosenberg, J. Rolf Olsen, Nicole A. Wall, Tonya K. Bernadt, and Michael J. Hayes

, with little knowledge of just who and which groups and sectors might be the users of such forecasts. Also, not much is known about what decadal climate information (DCI) these potential users will need ( Mehta et al. 2011a ). We have conducted a series of exploratory activities to identify and work with stakeholders, particularly in the water and agriculture production sectors, to address these unknowns. Our efforts to this time have been focused on the Missouri River basin. In this paper, we

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Lana Jones and Bonnie Colby

critical climate variables. Loomis et al. (2003) document water market transactions for environmental purposes in the western United States. They argue that water continues to be used off river to irrigate low-value crops when that water would be more valuable for instream purposes and that environmental uses of water are sometimes ignored because they are hard to place a dollar value on. They examine the value of water using average annual quantity and price for selected water transactions over the

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Kimberly E. Klockow, Renee A. McPherson, and Daniel S. Sutter

the Oklahoma Mesonet. REFERENCES Apfelbeck, J. , Huigen M. , Krimly T. , and Sanchez G. C. , 2008 : Management decisions on farm-level and their link to weather requirements: A case study for the upper Danube river basin. Preprints, 12th Congress of the European Association of Agricultural Economists, Ghent, Belgium, European Association of Agricultural Economists, 1–3 . Artikov, I. , and Coauthors , 2006 : Understanding the influence of climate forecasts on farmer decisions as

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Joanna Endter-Wada, Theresa Selfa, and Lisa W. Welsh

water resource governance ( Blatter and Ingram 2001 ; Whiteley et al. 2008 ). This paper presents a case study focused on how people in the Bear River Basin of Idaho, Utah, and Wyoming responded to the 2004 drought, one of the worst drought years for this region in a century. During spring 2004, people involved in Bear River water management anticipated and feared that drought would strain institutional structures for water management and lead to conflicts over scarce water supplies. However, when

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Kevin M. Roche, K. John McAneney, Keping Chen, and Ryan P. Crompton

; Chen et al. 2009 ; Di Baldassarre et al. 2010 ; Barredo 2009 , 2010 ; Crompton et al. 2010 ; see also other studies reviewed by Bouwer (2010) ]. In short, there are now more people living in vulnerable places with more to lose. This is certainly the case for the region of interest for the present study, the Gold Coast region (GCR) of southeastern Queensland (QLD) and the Northern Rivers region (NRR) of New South Wales (NSW), which together comprise one of the fastest growing regions in

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Rebecca Page and Lisa Dilling

.S. state of Colorado, might access and use new sources of information. We studied water management decision making within the snowpack-driven river basins of Colorado’s Western Slope (the portion of the state west of the continental divide). These systems commonly deal with wide variability in precipitation and snowpack from year to year and are run with a much smaller staff than a typical large urban water utility. In this paper, we examine three distinct aspects of the decision and information use

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Peter H. Gleick

intentionally diverted irrigation canals on the Euphrates River to wash over Babylon around 690 BC ( Lloyd 1961 ). In 612 BC, a coalition of Egyptian, Persian, and Babylonian forces attacked and destroyed Ninevah, the capital of Assyria, by diverting the Khosr River to create a flood ( Lloyd 1961 ). The ancient historian Berossus describes efforts of Nebuchadnessar (605–562 BC) to defend Babylon by digging canals and preventing the diversion of the Euphrates ( Burstein 1978 ), while Herodotus describes how

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Steve Rayner

’ reluctance to use the forecasts. These included traditional reliance on large built infrastructure, organizational conservatism and complexity, mismatch of temporal and spatial scales of forecasts to management needs, political disincentives to innovation, and regulatory constraints. The U.S. research concluded that wider acceptance of the forecasts would depend on their being incorporated in existing organizational routines, such as river-flow forecasts and demand forecasting, sometimes in ways that are

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