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Jenny V. Turton, Thomas Mölg, and Dirk Van As

data from GIMP digital elevation model. The red contour is at 1000 m and the orange contours are 500 and 100 m. The northeast ice stream extends 600 km into the interior of the GIS, and has the potential to increase sea levels by 1.1 m under the (albeit unlikely) case of complete collapse of this section ( Mayer et al. 2018 ). Prior to the twenty-first century, the ice stream, and by association 79N, were believed to be stable, with only small elevation changes observed ( Khan et al. 2014 ; Mayer

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Jothiram Vivekanandan, Virendra P. Ghate, Jorgen B. Jensen, Scott M. Ellis, and M. Christian Schwartz

. Measurements at 0.532 μ m are of paramount importance to radiation transfer studies because they are in the visible spectrum. A telescope expands the 2-cm beam to 40 cm. The beam is offset by 4° in reference to local vertical for eliminating specular reflection from highly oriented ice particles and ocean surface. A microtransmitted pulse length of 50 ns resolves 7.5 m along the laser beam. The loss of transmitted signal sensitivity resulting from micropulse operation is compensated by a longer dwell time

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Christopher S. Bretherton, Isabel L. McCoy, Johannes Mohrmann, Robert Wood, Virendra Ghate, Andrew Gettelman, Charles G. Bardeen, Bruce A. Albrecht, and Paquita Zuidema

1. Introduction The climatological stratocumulus to cumulus (Sc–Cu) transition over the eastern subtropical oceans has been a long-standing test of our physical understanding and modeling skill. Through a combination of field and satellite observations and detailed process modeling such as large-eddy simulation (LES), the Sc–Cu transition has been explained as due to the deepening and warming of a cloud-topped marine boundary layer under a strong inversion as it advects toward warmer sea

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