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D. W. Wanik, E. N. Anagnostou, M. Astitha, B. M. Hartman, G. M. Lackmann, J. Yang, D. Cerrai, J. He, and M. E. B. Frediani

al. 2013 ). In addition to impacts of the economy, utilities can also incur direct costs from tens to hundreds of millions of dollars for labor and equipment because of the storm ( Northeast Utilities 2013 ). Given that Sandy was particularly impactful for utilities in the mid-Atlantic states and New England ( Henry and Ramirez-Marquez 2016 ), in this paper, we present a proof of concept for assessing the impacts of Sandy within a future climate scenario as it pertains to overhead electric

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David Changnon and Stanley A. Changnon

1990s caused major regional and national losses, creating awareness of the need to better consider the impacts of climate conditions on business and industry ( Changnon and Changnon 1999 ). Other factors that have affected usage are the growing competition in various business sectors, partially a result of evolving global markets, and the issue of global climate change ( Nutter 1999 ). For example, the U.S. utility industry, which was deregulated in the late 1980s, experienced enhanced

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Norman L. Miller, Katharine Hayhoe, Jiming Jin, and Maximilian Auffhammer

air conditioners. If our economies continue on a high-energy-consumption trajectory into the future, projected temperature increases over the coming century may further strain energy providers, resulting in electricity shortages and negative health and economic impacts. Clear and consistent policy is therefore needed to guide energy markets, suppliers, and consumers in the face of both developing economies and incipient warming caused by human-induced climate change. Here, we describe the details

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Peter Yaukey

1. Introduction Landfalling cyclones have received substantial attention from researchers, not just because of the greater quantity and higher quality of data often available for them than for cyclones far at sea, but also because of the tremendous economic and societal impact of landfalling cyclones on coastal communities. The threat imposed by an approaching cyclone is largely a function of its wind speed, and notable individual cases of weakening (e.g., Lili in 2002; Krishnamurti et al

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Radley M. Horton, Vivien Gornitz, Daniel A. Bader, Alex C. Ruane, Richard Goldberg, and Cynthia Rosenzweig

-temporal-resolution observation networks can provide needed microclimatic information, including spatial and temporal variation in extreme events such as convective rainfall and storm-surge propagation. At the global scale, monitoring of polar ice sheets and global sea level will improve understanding of sea level rise. Periodic assessments of evolving climate, impacts and adaptation science will support flexible/recursive adaptation strategies that minimize the impact of climate hazards while maximizing societal benefits

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G. R. McGregor, M. Cox, Y. Cui, Z. Cui, M. K. Davey, R. F. Graham, and A. Brookshaw

1. Introduction The climate of the British Isles is characterized by considerable climatic variability, which has a discernible impact on a variety of economic sectors. Seasonal climate forecasts have the potential to improve economic management and assist in hedging against the vagaries of climatic variability. However, to assess the viability of applying seasonal climate prediction science to the improvement of economic performance and social well-being, the degree to which a particular

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Ali Behrangi, Konstantinos Andreadis, Joshua B. Fisher, F. Joseph Turk, Stephanie Granger, Thomas Painter, and Narendra Das

the products, guiding users, and providing feedback to algorithm developers. However, only a limited number of studies have focused on assessing the efficacy of HRPPs over cold and mountainous regions and their hydrologic impacts. These regions are especially important for freshwater supply and management in the United States and many areas around the world. Krakauer et al. (2013) evaluated several HRPPs and station-based gridded precipitation products against weather station precipitation

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Benjamin A. Toms, Jeffrey B. Basara, and Yang Hong

, and, through retrospective analysis, multiple studies have developed meteorological parameterizations of road ice formation. The majority of the developed parameterizations emphasize hoarfrost formation, although numerous studies have also confirmed the risks associated with freezing fog and frozen precipitation. The goal of this study and the resultant developed model, RIM, was to develop a diagnostic and prognostic model to assist in the prevention of road ice–related impacts on societal

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Curtis L. Walker, Dylan Steinkruger, Pouya Gholizadeh, Sogand Hasanzedah, Mark R. Anderson, and Behzad Esmaeili

precipitation on automobile collisions, injuries, and fatalities in the United States . J. Transp. Geogr. , 48 , 165 – 175 , https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2015.09.007 . 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2015.09.007 Blincoe , L. J. , T. R. Miller , E. Zaloshnja , and B. A. Lawrence , 2015 : The economic and societal impact of motor vehicle crashes, 2010. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Rep. DOT HS 812 013, 304 pp. Boselly , S. E. , J. E. Thornes , and C. Ulberg , 1993 : Road

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Theodore L. Allen, Scott Curtis, and Douglas W. Gamble

in crop failure and agricultural stress. Interviews of Jamaican farmers reveal that they are more concerned about the timing of the MSD onset rather than duration or severity ( McGregor et al. 2009 ; Gamble et al. 2010 ). Further, those surveyed state that midsummer dryness has the largest impact on agricultural yields. Research to date has focused on the physical climate mechanisms controlling the development and evolution of the MSD ( Mapes et al. 2005 ; Small et al. 2007 ; Gamble and Curtis

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