Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 4 of 4 items for :

  • State of the Science of Precipitation Research x
  • All content x
Clear All
Timothy J. Lang, Steven A. Rutledge, and Robert Cifelli

northern Australia, with “monsoon” versus “break” convection taking on characteristics of the maritime versus continental archetypes, respectively ( Rutledge et al. 1992 ; Williams et al. 1992 ; Randell et al. 1994 ; May and Ballinger 2007 ; May et al. 2008 ). These are but a few of the many examples of variability in convective structure seen throughout the tropics ( Houze and Cheng 1977 ; Zipser 1994 ; DeMott and Rutledge 1998 ; Johnson et al. 1999 ; Nesbitt et al. 2000 ; Petersen and

Full access
James A. Smith, Gabriele Villarini, and Mary Lynn Baeck

. E. Barndorff-Nielsen et al., Eds., World Scientific, 25–72 . Georgakakos, K. P. , and Krajewski W. F. , 1996 : Statistical-microphysical causes of rainfall variability in the tropics. J. Geophys. Res. , 101 , (D21) . 26165 – 26180 . 10.1029/96JD01613 Groisman, P. Ya , Knight R. W. , Karl T. R. , Easterling D. R. , Sun B. , and Lawrimore J. H. , 2004 : Contemporary changes of the hydrological cycle over the contiguous United States: Trends derived from in situ observations

Full access
Masamichi Ohba, Shinji Kadokura, Yoshikatsu Yoshida, Daisuke Nohara, and Yasushi Toyoda

1992 ; Nakazawa and Rajendran 2007 ). We selected four atmospheric variables as input for SOM: 850-hPa equivalent-potential temperature θ e , 850-hPa zonal and meridional wind, and 200-hPa geopotential height GH anomalies. The variable θ e is a thermodynamic parameter involving both temperature and humidity, and its low-level advection to the region from the tropics can significantly intensify rainfall over the baiu front. Previous studies (e.g., Ninomiya 2000 ; Ninomiya and Shibagaki 2007

Full access
Sandra E. Yuter, David A. Stark, Justin A. Crouch, M. Jordan Payne, and Brian A. Colle

the mountainous U.S. west coast. The more intense precipitation events are related to “atmospheric rivers” ( Zhu and Newell 1998 ), narrow plumes of moisture associated with fronts on oceanic cyclones ( Bao et al. 2006 ). These enhanced bands of vertically integrated water vapor typically form as the result of local moisture convergence ( Bao et al. 2006 ). Under a subset of environmental conditions, the moisture can be traced back from the U.S. west coast to the tropics ( Bao et al. 2006 ). These

Full access