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Tristan S. L’Ecuyer and Greg McGarragh

from the HERB dataset are summarized in section 4 , with the goal of establishing baseline TOA, SFC, and ATM radiation budgets and their spatial distribution across the TRMM domain. Particular emphasis is given to relating spatial gradients in energy balance to observed regional variability in the radiative impact of clouds. The effects of clouds on atmospheric radiative heating are further explored by adding a vertical dimension to the results in section 5 . The 10-yr mean spatial distribution

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Wei-Kuo Tao, Stephen Lang, Xiping Zeng, Shoichi Shige, and Yukari Takayabu

: Impact on diagnosed properties of convection and climate over the warm pool. J. Climate , 16 , 2370 – 2384 . Das , S. , D. Johnson , and W-K. Tao , 1999 : Single-column and cloud ensemble model simulations of TOGA COARE convective systems. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan , 77 , 803 – 826 . Gamache , J. F. , and R. A. Houze Jr. , 1983 : Water budget of a mesoscale convective system in the tropics. J. Atmos. Sci. , 40 , 1835 – 1850 . Greco , S. , J. Scala , J. Halverson , H

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Mircea Grecu, William S. Olson, Chung-Lin Shie, Tristan S. L’Ecuyer, and Wei-Kuo Tao

1. Introduction The latent heat released or consumed during phase changes of water substance is a major component of the atmospheric energy budget, and one that dominates other diabatic processes in the deep tropics (see Newell et al. 1969 ; Schaack et al. 1990 ). Latent heating is also responsible for the creation of available potential energy, one mechanism by which convective clouds can interact with the larger-scale atmospheric circulations of their environment ( Nitta 1970 , 1972

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Samson Hagos, Chidong Zhang, Wei-Kuo Tao, Steve Lang, Yukari N. Takayabu, Shoichi Shige, Masaki Katsumata, Bill Olson, and Tristan L’Ecuyer

’Ecuyer , T. S. , and G. L. Stephens , 2003 : The tropical atmospheric energy budget from the TRMM perspective. Part I: Algorithm and uncertainties. J. Climate , 16 , 1967 – 1985 . L’Ecuyer , T. S. , and G. L. Stephens , 2007 : The tropical atmospheric energy budget from the TRMM perspective. Part II: Evaluating GCM representations of the sensitivity of regional energy and water cycles to the 1998–99 ENSO cycle. J. Climate , 20 , 4548 – 4571 . May , P. T. , J. H. Mather , G

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Manuel D. Zuluaga, Carlos D. Hoyos, and Peter J. Webster

physical assumptions used in the TRMM satellite retrievals. Data collected for two boreal summer months in 1998 have been used to investigate the large-scale circulation, convection, cloud structures, water cycle, and heating budgets associated with the onset of the southeast Asian monsoon ( Lau et al. 2002 ; Johnson and Ciesielski 2002 ; Schumacher et al. 2007 ). Several studies have pointed out a well-established connection between the South China Sea (SCS) region with the circulation and

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Shaocheng Xie, Timothy Hume, Christian Jakob, Stephen A. Klein, Renata B. McCoy, and Minghua Zhang

1. Introduction The large-scale state of the tropical atmosphere as characterized by low-level convergence and advective cooling and moistening plays an important role in destabilizing the atmospheric structure, initiating and maintaining deep convection. On the other hand, latent heating released from tropical convective systems is a major energy source for the large-scale circulation. By releasing latent heat and vertically redistributing sensible heat and water vapor, cumulus clouds modify

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Xianan Jiang, Duane E. Waliser, William S. Olson, Wei-Kuo Tao, Tristan S. L’Ecuyer, Jui-Lin Li, Baijun Tian, Yuk L. Yung, Adrian M. Tompkins, Stephen E. Lang, and Mircea Grecu

, 2003 : The tropical oceanic energy budget from the TRMM perspective. Part I: Algorithm and uncertainties. J. Climate , 16 , 1967 – 1985 . L’Ecuyer , T. S. , and G. L. Stephens , 2007 : The tropical atmospheric energy budget from the TRMM perspective. Part II: Evaluating GCM representations of the sensitivity of regional energy and water cycles to the 1998–99 ENSO cycle. J. Climate , 20 , 4548 – 4571 . L’Ecuyer , T. S. , and G. McGarragh , 2009 : A 10-year climatology of

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