Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 3 of 3 items for :

  • Water budget/balance x
  • Impacts of Land Use and Land Cover Change on the Atmosphere x
  • All content x
Clear All
K. W. Oleson, G. B. Bonan, J. Feddema, M. Vertenstein, and C. S. B. Grimmond

exchange parameterization for mesoscale models. Bound.-Layer Meteor. , 104 , 261 – 304 . Masson , V. , 2000 : A physically-based scheme for the urban energy budget in atmospheric models. Bound.-Layer Meteor. , 94 , 357 – 397 . Masson , V. , 2006 : Urban surface modeling and the meso-scale impact of cities. Theor. Appl. Climatol. , 84 , 35 – 45 . Masson , V. , C. S. B. Grimmond , and T. R. Oke , 2002 : Evaluation of the Town Energy Balance (TEB) scheme with direct measurements

Full access
K. W. Oleson, G. B. Bonan, J. Feddema, and M. Vertenstein

site. The urban surface is characterized by a preponderance of impervious surfaces, which reduce water storage capacity and surface moisture availability ( Oke 1982 ). However, urban surfaces may have varying amounts of evaporating surfaces that can influence the energy balance, temperatures, and humidity. For example, a study of four U.S. cities by Grimmond and Oke (1995) showed that the Bowen ratio decreases as irrigated green space increases. The presence of evaporating surfaces can also

Full access
Young-Kwon Lim, Ming Cai, Eugenia Kalnay, and Liming Zhou

. Shukla, J. Srinivasan, and S. Gadgil for their insightful comments on why the NDVI seems to be out of phase with precipitation in India. REFERENCES Betts , A. K. , J. H. Ball , and P. Viterbo , 2003 : Evaluation of the ERA-40 surface water budget and surface temperature for the Mackenzie River basin. J. Hydrometeor. , 4 , 1194 – 1211 . Bounoua , L. , G. J. Collatz , S. O. Los , P. J. Sellers , D. A. Dazlich , C. J. Tucker , and D. A. Randall , 2000 : Sensitivity of

Full access