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Kristin VanderMolen and Alexandra Horangic

.g., National Marine Fisheries Service and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2013 ) for three endangered fish species that inhabit UKL and the Klamath River. In short, each year the Bureau must balance water for agriculture with priority demands, these being the minimum lake-level and streamflow requirements for maintaining adequate fish habitat ( Doremus and Tarlock 2008 ). Fig . 1. Map of Klamath basin. In 2001, unprecedented drought left not enough water to implement the Biological Opinions, intensifying

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David L. Feldman and Helen M. Ingram

around awhile to work with them. Reports from several RISAs consistently indicate the importance of selecting projects that are supportable within the scope of what can be funded within a single budget cycle—especially in a climate of diminishing resources (e.g., the Pacific RISA reported that it focuses mostly on assessment of shared learning and joint problem solving with users because of funding limitations [for a review of all these self-assessments, see McNie et al. (2007) ]. This balance also

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Vikram M. Mehta, Cody L. Knutson, Norman J. Rosenberg, J. Rolf Olsen, Nicole A. Wall, Tonya K. Bernadt, and Michael J. Hayes

: that is, whether to build new levees, install internal drainage infrastructure, or encourage flood zone buyouts. By allowing estimates of possible damage due to climate variability, such DCOs could aid urban water agencies in budgeting exercises and in justifying capital outlays. Similarly, the river- and reservoir-based recreation industry might use DCOs predicting a wet/dry spell in management of existing marinas (e.g., dredging) and in design and construction of new ones (e.g., ramp design and

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Saeideh Maleki, Saeid Soltani Koupaei, Alireza Soffianian, Sassan Saatchi, Saeid Pourmanafi, and Vahid Rahdari

, 2013 : Temporal and spatial variation of the main water balance components in the three rivers source region, China from 1960 to 2000 . Environ. Earth Sci. , 68 , 973 – 983 , . 10.1007/s12665-012-1800-2 Zhao , A. , X. Zhu , X. Liu , Y. Pan , and D. Zuo , 2016 : Impacts of land use change and climate variability on green and blue water resources in the Weihe River Basin of northwest China . Catena , 137 , 318 – 327 ,

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Jason A. Otkin, Tonya Haigh, Anthony Mucia, Martha C. Anderson, and Christopher Hain

Infiltration Capacity ( Liang et al. 1996 ), and Mosaic ( Koster and Suarez 1996 ) models. Each of these land surface models simulates changes in soil moisture content at different soil depths using energy and water balance equations. Different approximations for key processes in each model mean that the soil moisture response often varies between models for the same atmospheric forcing. Xia et al. (2014) have shown that the ensemble mean of these models provides a more accurate representation of soil

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Yujie Wang, Lianchun Song, Chris Hewitt, Nicola Golding, and Zili Huang

(primarily in northern China). Taking the Central Line of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project as an example, the runoff of the water source area and the water receiving area are both determined by the balance of too much and too little water due to climate variability. Water availability from the upper reaches of the Danjiangkou Reservoir in the source area is highly uncertain, and this significantly impacts the scheduling of water transfers from the source area to the receiving area. The NCC

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Seth P. Tuler, Thomas Webler, and Jason L. Rhoades

human and natural systems including social and health services, emergency services, business, recreation, utilities, transportation systems, local environmental resources, government services, and municipal budgets. For example, stormwater can inundate and erode roadways, flood underground spaces and facilities, flood homes and businesses, transport debris and sand into culverts blocking drainage systems, disable wastewater treatment facilities, and mobilize hazardous chemicals. Alongside potential

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Hannah Torres and Kamal Alsharif

dimension of the built environment, water and energy were key concerns in both cases, followed by transportation and housing. In fact, although there were 17 keywords representing the dimension of the built environment, these clearly dominated the discussion. Likewise, the dimension of population and governance in Broward and Lee Counties was dominated by discussions of budgets or funding. In Broward segments, many of these occurrences were in the context of supporting or prioritizing funding for

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Ole Bruun

concentrated along the coast to secure further urban, industrial, university, airport, and mass-tourism developments. 8 The three key areas for mitigation works in Quang Nam are the cities of Hoian and Tam Ky and the industrial zone of Chu Lai. National priorities are set in budget allocations: the National Program for Disaster Prevention, with a clear focus on coastal areas, has a funding of nearly 10 billion dollars up until 2015, which is 100 times more than the funding for the National Target Program

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Johannes Schmetz and W. Paul Menzel

knowing what “adequate” implied in all its facets. This would have incurred enormous costs. It is important to realize that our pioneers did a splendid job by not seeking perfection but rather by seeking excellence that actually worked. We believe that this message has deep implications for today’s satellite programs; evolution of those programs requires managers and decision-makers who are able to distinguish realistic excellence, which can be obtained within allocated budgets and time, from

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