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  • Waves, oceanic x
  • Drought: Advances in Monitoring, Preparedness, and Understanding Drought Characteristics x
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Kingtse C. Mo, Lindsey N. Long, and Jae-Kyung E. Schemm

may mitigate the impact of drought. Most projections rely upon the simulations from atmosphere–land–ocean coupled models. For example, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 3 (CMIP3) experiments were performed by several coupled models with different CO 2 scenarios. In the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC, it is projected that rainfall in the United States is likely to increase over the Northeast and to decrease over the Southwest

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Di Long, Bridget R. Scanlon, D. Nelun Fernando, Lei Meng, and Steven M. Quiring

approaches have been used to describe extreme events. Frich et al. ( Frich et al. 2002 ) described 10 different indices for quantifying variations in frequency and intensity of extreme events, 5 related to temperature and 5 related to precipitation. These indices include total number of frost days ( T d ), intra-annual extreme temperature range (ETR), growing season length (GSL), heat wave duration index (HWDI), warm nights ( T min 90), number of days with precipitation larger or equal to 10 mm day −1

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Sergio M. Vicente-Serrano, Santiago Beguería, Jorge Lorenzo-Lacruz, Jesús Julio Camarero, Juan I. López-Moreno, Cesar Azorin-Molina, Jesús Revuelto, Enrique Morán-Tejeda, and Arturo Sanchez-Lorenzo

found for the Atlantic basins of North America, the basins of central Europe, and some basins of South America and Africa. On the contrary, poor correlations were found in the Asian basins, mainly those that drain to the Arctic Ocean. Nevertheless, in the latter basins, when monthly correlations were analyzed separately, noticeable seasonal impacts were observed since correlations were much higher in July ( Figure 4c ) than in January ( Figure 4b ). In addition, in these zones it is clearly observed

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