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Bruce Albrecht, Virendra Ghate, Johannes Mohrmann, Robert Wood, Paquita Zuidema, Christopher Bretherton, Christian Schwartz, Edwin Eloranta, Susanne Glienke, Shaunna Donaher, Mampi Sarkar, Jeremy McGibbon, Alison D. Nugent, Raymond A. Shaw, Jacob Fugal, Patrick Minnis, Robindra Paliknoda, Louis Lussier, Jorgen Jensen, J. Vivekanandan, Scott Ellis, Peisang Tsai, Robert Rilling, Julie Haggerty, Teresa Campos, Meghan Stell, Michael Reeves, Stuart Beaton, John Allison, Gregory Stossmeister, Samuel Hall, and Sebastian Schmidt

representations—particularly in subtropical anticyclone regions ( Zhang et al. 2005 ; Wyant et al. 2010; Teixeira et al. 2011 ; Soden and Vecchi 2011 ). The stratocumulus (Sc) regimes associated with the eastern flank of the subtropical anticyclones evolve into fair-weather cumulus (Cu) regimes in the persistent trade winds associated with the anticyclones ( Wood 2012 ). The high albedo and large areal extent of Sc induce a significant reduction in surface solar heating (e.g., Hartmann et al. 1992 ; Klein

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Bradley W. Klotz and David S. Nolan

structural analyses, such as described by Vukicevic et al. (2014) and Klotz and Jiang (2017) , to account for the full wind field variability and its relationship to TC strength. Acknowledgments We thank the United States Weather Research Program and the Joint Hurricane Testbed (JHT) at the National Hurricane Center for supporting this work (Grant NA15OAR4590203). Special thanks are given to the JHT committee members for their comments and guidance throughout the project. Dr. Yumin Moon produced the

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Johannes Mohrmann, Christopher S. Bretherton, Isabel L. McCoy, Jeremy McGibbon, Robert Wood, Virendra Ghate, Bruce Albrecht, Mampi Sarkar, Paquita Zuidema, and Rabindra Palikonda

was empirically chosen to balance the competing interests in reducing noise in box-averaged quantities while avoiding including observations from regions subject to significantly different large-scale forcings; a comparison of the GOES cloud fraction estimate to that derived from a radar-lidar cloud mask can be found in Bretherton et al. (2019) . Supplemental data are drawn from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Reanalysis, version 5 (ERA5) [ Copernicus Climate Change

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