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Gift Dumedah, Aaron A. Berg, and Mark Wineberg


This study has applied the Nondominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (NSGA-II) in a two-step assimilation procedure to jointly assimilate brightness temperature into a radiative transfer model and soil moisture into a land surface model. The first assimilation procedure generates a time series of soil moisture by assimilating brightness temperature from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for Earth Observing System (AMSR-E) into the Land Parameter Retrieval Model (LPRM). The second procedure generates assimilated soil moisture by assimilating the soil moisture from LPRM into the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS). Note that the assimilated soil moisture was generated by merging two soil moisture estimates: one from LPRM and the other from the CLASS simulation. The assimilated soil moisture is better than using the soil moisture determined either from the satellite observation or the land surface scheme alone. This method provides improved model state and parameterizations for both LPRM and CLASS with the aim to facilitate real-time forecasts when satellite information becomes available. Application of this framework to the Brightwater Creek watershed in southern Saskatchewan illustrates the utility of the joint assimilation framework to improve a time series of soil moisture estimates. The estimated soil moisture datasets were evaluated over an agricultural site in southern Saskatchewan using in situ monitoring networks. These results demonstrate that soil moisture generated from assimilation of brightness temperature could be improved by incorporating it into a land surface model. A comparison between the assimilated soil moisture and in situ dataset demonstrates an improvement in accuracy and temporal pattern that is accomplished through the assimilation framework.

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