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Patrick Cullis
,
Chance Sterling
,
Emrys Hall
,
Allen Jordan
,
Bryan Johnson
, and
Russell Schnell
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Allen B. White
,
James R. Jordan
,
Brooks E. Martner
,
F. Martin Ralph
, and
Bruce W. Bartram

Abstract

A new S-band vertical profiler with a coupler option for extending the dynamic range of the radar’s receiver is discussed. The added dynamic range allows the profiler to record radar reflectivity measurements in moderate to heavy precipitation that otherwise would not have been possible with this system because of receiver saturation. The radar hardware, signal processor, and operating software are based on existing S-band and UHF profiler technology. Results from a side-by-side comparison with a calibrated Ka-band radar are used to determine the calibration and sensitivity of the S-band profiler. In a typical cloud profiling mode of operation, the sensitivity is −14 dBZ at 10 km. Examples taken from a recent field campaign are shown to illustrate the profiler’s ability to measure vertical velocity and radar reflectivity profiles in clouds and precipitation, with particular emphasis on the benefit provided by the coupler technology.

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Paul E. Johnston
,
James R. Jordan
,
Allen B. White
,
David A. Carter
,
David M. Costa
, and
Thomas E. Ayers

Abstract

A vertically pointing radar for monitoring radar brightband height (BBH) has been developed. This new radar utilizes frequency-modulated continuous wave (FM-CW) techniques to provide high-resolution data at a fraction of the cost of comparable pulsed radars. This S-band radar provides details of the vertical structure of precipitating clouds, with full Doppler information. Details of the radar design are presented along with observations from one storm. Results from a calibration using these storm data show the radar meets the design goals. Eleven of these radars have been deployed and provide BBH data in near–real time.

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