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Arthur J. Kantor

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Paul I. Tattelman and Arthur J. Kantor

Abstract

An objective method for determining probabilities of surface temperature extremes is described herein. Least-squares linear regression equations have been developed to estimate temperatures that would be equaled or surpassed 1, 5 and 10% of the hours at any given location during the warmest and coldest months of the year. These equations are based on an index calculated from three generally available parameters: 1) mean monthly temperature (usually July and January), 2) mean daily maximum temperature for the month and 3) mean daily minimum temperature for the month.

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Arthur J. Kantor and Allen E. Cole

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Mean monthly atmospheric properties for latitudes 30, 45 and 6ON are described. Temperature-height profiles were objectively derived from observed winds and temperatures, resulting in a family of atmospheres with internally consistent thermodynamic properties. The amplitude of seasonal changes in mean monthly temperatures and densities between 30 and 80 km increases with increasing latitude. The transition from one season to another of mean monthly atmospheric properties is relatively smooth except from late January to April in subarctic regions.

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Allen E. Cole and Arthur J. Kantor

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Allen E. Cole and Arthur J. Kantor

Abstract

Atmospheres typical of the tropics (15N) and subtropics (30N) have been prepared as members of a family of atmospheres, supplemental to the 1962 U.S. Standard Atmosphere; they provide information on latitudinal and seasonal changes in atmospheric structure up to 90 km.

Temperature gradients for various segments are linear with geopotential height. Humidity is incorporated into the lowest 10 km of each atmosphere. Figures and tables depict temperature, relative humidity, pressure and density.

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