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  • Author or Editor: Eric A. Meindl x
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Eric A. Meindl and Glenn D. Hamilton

Platforms of the National Data Buoy Center provide vital meteorological and oceanographic observations from data-sparse marine areas worldwide. The data are essential for real-time weather forecasting and research programs. This paper provides information on the data-acquisition systems, networks, monitoring capabilities, data processing and dissemination, data quality and availability, and related technology development for these platforms.

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S. A. Hsu, Eric A. Meindl, and David B. Gilhousen


On the basis of 30 samples from near-simultaneous overwater measurements by pairs of anemometers located at different heights in the Gulf of Mexico and off the Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, the mean and standard deviation for the exponent of the power-law wind profile over the ocean under near-neutral atmospheric stability conditions were determined to be 0.11 ± 0.03. Because this mean value is obtained from both deep and shallow water environments, it is recommended for use at sea to adjust the wind speed measurements at different heights to the standard height of 10 m above the mean sea surface. An example to apply this P value to estimate the momentum flux or wind stress is provided.

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