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Jorge L. Salazar-Cerreño, V. Chandrasekar, Jorge M. Trabal, Paul Siquera, Rafael Medina, Eric Knapp, and David J. McLaughlin


A novel analytical method is presented for evaluating the electrical performance of a radome for a dual-polarized phased-array antenna under rain conditions. Attenuation, reflections, and induced cross polarization are evaluated for different rainfall conditions and radome types. The authors present a model for estimating the drop size distribution on a radome surface based on skin surface material, area, inclination, and rainfall rate. Then, a multilayer radome model based on the transmission-line-equivalent circuit model is used to characterize the radome’s scattering parameters. Numerical results are compared with radar data obtained in the Next Generation Weather Radar (NEXRAD) and Collaborative Adaptive Sensing of the Atmosphere (CASA) systems, and good agreement is found.

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David McLaughlin, David Pepyne, V. Chandrasekar, Brenda Philips, James Kurose, Michael Zink, Kelvin Droegemeier, Sandra Cruz-Pol, Francesc Junyent, Jerald Brotzge, David Westbrook, Nitin Bharadwaj, Yanting Wang, Eric Lyons, Kurt Hondl, Yuxiang Liu, Eric Knapp, Ming Xue, Anthony Hopf, Kevin Kloesel, Alfred DeFonzo, Pavlos Kollias, Keith Brewster, Robert Contreras, Brenda Dolan, Theodore Djaferis, Edin Insanic, Stephen Frasier, and Frederick Carr

Dense networks of short-range radars capable of mapping storms and detecting atmospheric hazards are described. Composed of small X-band (9.4 GHz) radars spaced tens of kilometers apart, these networks defeat the Earth curvature blockage that limits today s long-range weather radars and enables observing capabilities fundamentally beyond the operational state-of-the-art radars. These capabilities include multiple Doppler observations for mapping horizontal wind vectors, subkilometer spatial resolution, and rapid-update (tens of seconds) observations extending from the boundary layer up to the tops of storms. The small physical size and low-power design of these radars permits the consideration of commercial electronic manufacturing approaches and radar installation on rooftops, communications towers, and other infrastructure elements, leading to cost-effective network deployments. The networks can be architected in such a way that the sampling strategy dynamically responds to changing weather to simultaneously accommodate the data needs of multiple types of end users. Such networks have the potential to supplement, or replace, the physically large long-range civil infrastructure radars in use today.

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