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Glenn K. Yue

Abstract

A simple empirical formula for the wavelength dependence of the aerosol extinction coefficient is proposed. The relationship between the constants in the formula and the variable parameter in the aerosol size distribution is explicitly expressed. Good agreement is found between the extinction coefficients calculated from the proposed formula and that calculated from Mie theory. The proposed expression is shown to be better than the Ångström formula commonly used by atmospheric scientists.

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Glenn K. Yue
,
M. P. McCormick
, and
W. P. Chu

Abstract

The SAGE II satellite system was launched on 5 October 1984. It has seven radiometric channels and is beginning to provide water vapor, NO2, and O2 concentration profiles and aerosol extinction profiles at a minimum of three wavelengths. In preparation for the use of these data and assuming the aerosol size distribution is lognormal, a parametric study has been conducted of the effect of size distribution parameters and composition of stratospheric aerosols on the expected extinction in the aerosol and water vapor channels. Our calculated results show that aerosol characteristics can be retrieved from the SAGE II data set assuming stratospheric aerosols are distributed lognormally. A simple, fast and operational method of retrieving characteristics of stratospheric aerosols from the water vapor and three-wavelength aerosol extinction profiles is proposed. Some examples are given to show the practicality of the scheme. Possible sources of error for the retrieved values and the limitation of the proposed method are discussed. Our method may also prove applicable to the study of aerosol characteristics in other multispectral extinction measurements.

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