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G. J. Haltiner and Yeh-chum Wang

Abstract

A model for numerical prediction of the 1000-mb surface is developed which includes a term expressing the interchange of sensible heat between the air and the underlying surface as well as the effect of terrain-induced vertical motion. In spite of the crudeness of the non-adiabatic representation, the model shows a definite improvement over a similar adiabatic model when the two are compared in a series of prognoses. Moreover, when monthly mean isotherms may be used to represent the temperature of the underlying surface, the non-adiabatic term may be combined with the orographic term and the earth's vorticity so that there is no work added to the prognostic routine.

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J. Fišák, J. Chum, J. Vojta, and K. Bartůňková

Abstract

An automatic device for measurement of the amount (weight) of deposited precipitation developed at the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, is described. Examples of measurements of various types of deposited precipitation are presented. The paper also discusses the response of the measuring instrument to falling precipitation and the influence of wind on the measurements. The results of first measurements proved that the instrument is suitable for automatic and continuous monitoring of deposited precipitation.

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