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Dan Seidov, Alexey Mishonov, James Reagan, Olga Baranova, Scott Cross, and Rost Parsons

Abstract

The vision of ocean circulation as highly variable and unstable flows generating and reintegrating mesoscale ocean eddies within their surroundings has come into focus over the past several decades based on satellite images and results from eddy-resolving ocean circulation models. Until recently, global ocean climatologies, built as in situ observations mapped onto regular spatial grids, did not reflect this image of ocean circulation because of relatively sparse data coverage. However, in a few key regions of the World Ocean, which are exceptionally data-rich, high-resolution data mapping, as high as 1/10°, has become feasible as a result of the increased volume of available ocean profile data. These new high-resolution ocean data mappings are now matching the details of thermohaline fields generated in eddy-resolving ocean models and, at the near-surface depths, satellite imagery of the ocean surface. The Northwest Atlantic Regional Ocean Climatology—the most advanced example of these new high-resolution regional ocean data mappings—and some of its applications are discussed in this review to provide insights on the advantages of high-resolution regional ocean climatologies for climate studies.

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Molly Baringer, Mariana B. Bif, Tim Boyer, Seth M. Bushinsky, Brendan R. Carter, Ivona Cetinić, Don P. Chambers, Lijing Cheng, Sanai Chiba, Minhan Dai, Catia M. Domingues, Shenfu Dong, Andrea J. Fassbender, Richard A. Feely, Eleanor Frajka-Williams, Bryan A. Franz, John Gilson, Gustavo Goni, Benjamin D. Hamlington, Zeng-Zhen Hu, Boyin Huang, Masayoshi Ishii, Svetlana Jevrejeva, William E. Johns, Gregory C. Johnson, Kenneth S. Johnson, John Kennedy, Marion Kersalé, Rachel E. Killick, Peter Landschützer, Matthias Lankhorst, Tong Lee, Eric Leuliette, Feili Li, Eric Lindstrom, Ricardo Locarnini, Susan Lozier, John M. Lyman, John J. Marra, Christopher S. Meinen, Mark A. Merrifield, Gary T. Mitchum, Ben Moat, Didier Monselesan, R. Steven Nerem, Renellys C. Perez, Sarah G. Purkey, Darren Rayner, James Reagan, Nicholas Rome, Alejandra Sanchez-Franks, Claudia Schmid, Joel P. Scott, Uwe Send, David A. Siegel, David A. Smeed, Sabrina Speich, Paul W. Stackhouse Jr., William Sweet, Yuichiro Takeshita, Philip R. Thompson, Joaquin A. Triñanes, Martin Visbeck, Denis L. Volkov, Rik Wanninkhof, Robert A. Weller, Toby K. Westberry, Matthew J. Widlansky, Susan E. Wijffels, Anne C. Wilber, Lisan Yu, Weidong Yu, and Huai-Min Zhang
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