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Scott Sandgathe, Jessie Carman, Bradford Johnson, and Eileen McIlvain
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Scott Sandgathe, Bonnie R. Brown, Jessie C. Carman, Johnna M. Infanti, Bradford Johnson, David McCarren, and Eileen McIlvain
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Jessie C. Carman, Daniel P. Eleuterio, Timothy C. Gallaudet, Gerald L. Geernaert, Patrick A. Harr, Jack A. Kaye, David H. McCarren, Craig N. McLean, Scott A. Sandgathe, Frederick Toepfer, and Louis W. Uccellini


The United States has had three operational numerical weather prediction centers since the Joint Numerical Weather Prediction Unit was closed in 1958. This led to separate paths for U.S. numerical weather prediction, research, technology, and operations, resulting in multiple community calls for better coordination. Since 2006, the three operational organizations—the U.S. Air Force, the U.S. Navy, and the National Weather Service—and, more recently, the Department of Energy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Science Foundation, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research, have been working to increase coordination. This increasingly successful effort has resulted in the establishment of a National Earth System Prediction Capability (National ESPC) office with responsibility to further interagency coordination and collaboration. It has also resulted in sharing of data through an operational global ensemble, common software standards, and model components among the agencies. This article discusses the drivers, the progress, and the future of interagency collaboration.

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