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Jack A. C. Kaiser
and
Kingsley G. Williams

Abstract

By measuring the time rate of change of temperature in the upper 65 m of the sea at night with a precision sounding device, the amount of heat transported upward at various depths and through the sea surface as a function of time during the night was determined. The heat flux through any surface of depth z was given by e −αt (1−Az ) for z<z max (40–65 m). The amount of heat released from the sea surface ranged from 1.34 to 0.311 ly min−1, the release rate decreasing with time after sunset.

The data also allowed estimates of the spatially averaged thermal boundary layer thickness in the sea surface, 0.2 cm or less.

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