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  • Author or Editor: Lexie Goldberger x
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Adam C. Varble
,
Stephen W. Nesbitt
,
Paola Salio
,
Joseph C. Hardin
,
Nitin Bharadwaj
,
Paloma Borque
,
Paul J. DeMott
,
Zhe Feng
,
Thomas C. J. Hill
,
James N. Marquis
,
Alyssa Matthews
,
Fan Mei
,
Rusen Öktem
,
Vagner Castro
,
Lexie Goldberger
,
Alexis Hunzinger
,
Kevin R. Barry
,
Sonia M. Kreidenweis
,
Greg M. McFarquhar
,
Lynn A. McMurdie
,
Mikhail Pekour
,
Heath Powers
,
David M. Romps
,
Celeste Saulo
,
Beat Schmid
,
Jason M. Tomlinson
,
Susan C. van den Heever
,
Alla Zelenyuk
,
Zhixiao Zhang
, and
Edward J. Zipser

Abstract

The Cloud, Aerosol, and Complex Terrain Interactions (CACTI) field campaign was designed to improve understanding of orographic cloud life cycles in relation to surrounding atmospheric thermodynamic, flow, and aerosol conditions. The deployment to the Sierras de Córdoba range in north-central Argentina was chosen because of very frequent cumulus congestus, deep convection initiation, and mesoscale convective organization uniquely observable from a fixed site. The C-band Scanning Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Precipitation Radar was deployed for the first time with over 50 ARM Mobile Facility atmospheric state, surface, aerosol, radiation, cloud, and precipitation instruments between October 2018 and April 2019. An intensive observing period (IOP) coincident with the RELAMPAGO field campaign was held between 1 November and 15 December during which 22 flights were performed by the ARM Gulfstream-1 aircraft. A multitude of atmospheric processes and cloud conditions were observed over the 7-month campaign, including numerous orographic cumulus and stratocumulus events; new particle formation and growth producing high aerosol concentrations; drizzle formation in fog and shallow liquid clouds; very low aerosol conditions following wet deposition in heavy rainfall; initiation of ice in congestus clouds across a range of temperatures; extreme deep convection reaching 21-km altitudes; and organization of intense, hail-containing supercells and mesoscale convective systems. These comprehensive datasets include many of the first ever collected in this region and provide new opportunities to study orographic cloud evolution and interactions with meteorological conditions, aerosols, surface conditions, and radiation in mountainous terrain.

Full access
Adam C. Varble
,
Stephen W. Nesbitt
,
Paola Salio
,
Joseph C. Hardin
,
Nitin Bharadwaj
,
Paloma Borque
,
Paul J. DeMott
,
Zhe Feng
,
Thomas C. J. Hill
,
James N. Marquis
,
Alyssa Matthews
,
Fan Mei
,
Rusen Öktem
,
Vagner Castro
,
Lexie Goldberger
,
Alexis Hunzinger
,
Kevin R. Barry
,
Sonia M. Kreidenweis
,
Greg M. McFarquhar
,
Lynn A. McMurdie
,
Mikhail Pekour
,
Heath Powers
,
David M. Romps
,
Celeste Saulo
,
Beat Schmid
,
Jason M. Tomlinson
,
Susan C. van den Heever
,
Alla Zelenyuk
,
Zhixiao Zhang
, and
Edward J. Zipser

Abstract

The Cloud, Aerosol, and Complex Terrain Interactions (CACTI) field campaign was designed to improve understanding of orographic cloud life cycles in relation to surrounding atmospheric thermodynamic, flow, and aerosol conditions. The deployment to the Sierras de Córdoba range in north-central Argentina was chosen because of very frequent cumulus congestus, deep convection initiation, and mesoscale convective organization uniquely observable from a fixed site. The C-band Scanning Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Precipitation Radar was deployed for the first time with over 50 ARM Mobile Facility atmospheric state, surface, aerosol, radiation, cloud, and precipitation instruments between October 2018 and April 2019. An intensive observing period (IOP) coincident with the RELAMPAGO field campaign was held between 1 November and 15 December during which 22 flights were performed by the ARM Gulfstream-1 aircraft.

A multitude of atmospheric processes and cloud conditions were observed over the 7-month campaign, including: numerous orographic cumulus and stratocumulus events; new particle formation and growth producing high aerosol concentrations; drizzle formation in fog and shallow liquid clouds; very low aerosol conditions following wet deposition in heavy rainfall; initiation of ice in congestus clouds across a range of temperatures; extreme deep convection reaching 21-km altitudes; and organization of intense, hail-containing supercells and mesoscale convective systems. These comprehensive datasets include many of the first ever collected in this region and provide new opportunities to study orographic cloud evolution and interactions with meteorological conditions, aerosols, surface conditions, and radiation in mountainous terrain.

Full access
Jian Wang
,
Rob Wood
,
Michael P. Jensen
,
J. Christine Chiu
,
Yangang Liu
,
Katia Lamer
,
Neel Desai
,
Scott E. Giangrande
,
Daniel A. Knopf
,
Pavlos Kollias
,
Alexander Laskin
,
Xiaohong Liu
,
Chunsong Lu
,
David Mechem
,
Fan Mei
,
Mariusz Starzec
,
Jason Tomlinson
,
Yang Wang
,
Seong Soo Yum
,
Guangjie Zheng
,
Allison C. Aiken
,
Eduardo B. Azevedo
,
Yann Blanchard
,
Swarup China
,
Xiquan Dong
,
Francesca Gallo
,
Sinan Gao
,
Virendra P. Ghate
,
Susanne Glienke
,
Lexie Goldberger
,
Joseph C. Hardin
,
Chongai Kuang
,
Edward P. Luke
,
Alyssa A. Matthews
,
Mark A. Miller
,
Ryan Moffet
,
Mikhail Pekour
,
Beat Schmid
,
Arthur J. Sedlacek
,
Raymond A. Shaw
,
John E. Shilling
,
Amy Sullivan
,
Kaitlyn Suski
,
Daniel P. Veghte
,
Rodney Weber
,
Matt Wyant
,
Jaemin Yeom
,
Maria Zawadowicz
, and
Zhibo Zhang

Abstract

With their extensive coverage, marine low clouds greatly impact global climate. Presently, marine low clouds are poorly represented in global climate models, and the response of marine low clouds to changes in atmospheric greenhouse gases and aerosols remains the major source of uncertainty in climate simulations. The eastern North Atlantic (ENA) is a region of persistent but diverse subtropical marine boundary layer clouds, whose albedo and precipitation are highly susceptible to perturbations in aerosol properties. In addition, the ENA is periodically impacted by continental aerosols, making it an excellent location to study the cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) budget in a remote marine region periodically perturbed by anthropogenic emissions, and to investigate the impacts of long-range transport of aerosols on remote marine clouds. The Aerosol and Cloud Experiments in Eastern North Atlantic (ACE-ENA) campaign was motivated by the need of comprehensive in situ measurements for improving the understanding of marine boundary layer CCN budget, cloud and drizzle microphysics, and the impact of aerosol on marine low cloud and precipitation. The airborne deployments took place from 21 June to 20 July 2017 and from 15 January to 18 February 2018 in the Azores. The flights were designed to maximize the synergy between in situ airborne measurements and ongoing long-term observations at a ground site. Here we present measurements, observation strategy, meteorological conditions during the campaign, and preliminary findings. Finally, we discuss future analyses and modeling studies that improve the understanding and representation of marine boundary layer aerosols, clouds, precipitation, and the interactions among them.

Full access