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Mete Tayanç, Mehmet Karaca, and H. Nüzhet Dalfes

Abstract

The March 1987 blizzard over the eastern Mediterranean and Balkan regions is investigated. Northern Hemispheric and regional 250- and 850-hPa geopotential heights illustrate the formation of blocking over northern Europe and cyclogenesis over the considered area. The 850-hPa analyses and National Centers for Environmental Prediction Eta model simulations are in good agreement. Temporal analyses of temperature and precipitation fields show that a cold air surge over the region resulted in a decrease in the daily temperatures of up to 15°C and a heavy accumulation of snow in the early days of the storm. Spatial analyses of the precipitation field reveal that the most snowfall-affected regions were northwestern Turkey and the Balkan countries.

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