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Adam Smith, Neal Lott, and Russ Vose

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Kathleen F. Jones, Allan C. Ramsay, and J. Neal Lott

Abstract

The ice storm of 3–5 December 2002 affected the southern United States from Oklahoma to Virginia. The weight of ice on trees and power lines caused power outages lasting more than a week in some areas. The total precipitation across this region is mapped using data from both Automated Surface Observing System (ASOS) hourly reporting stations and National Weather Service cooperative daily reporting stations. The storm severity is quantified in terms of the equivalent uniform radial ice thickness using data from ASOS weather stations. Estimates of the radial ice thickness are determined by using an algorithm based on a relationship between the frequency drop of the ASOS icing sensor and the measured mass of ice on a horizontal cylinder and by using the hourly aviation weather reports (METAR) in ice accretion models. These estimates are compared and anomalies in the data and anticipated improvements to the ASOS sensors and software are discussed.

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Jon K. Eischeid, Phil A. Pasteris, Henry F. Diaz, Marc S. Plantico, and Neal J. Lott

Abstract

The development of serially complete (no missing values) daily maximum–minimum temperatures and total precipitation time series over the western United States is documented. Several estimation techniques based on spatial objective analysis schemes are used to estimate daily values, with the &ldquost” estimate chosen as a missing value replacement. The development of a continuous and complete daily dataset will be useful in a variety of meteorological and hydrological research applications.

The spatial interpolation schemes are evaluated separately by interpolation method and calendar month. Cross validation of the results indicates a distinct seasonality to the efficiency (error) of the estimates, although no systematic bias in the estimation procedures was found. The resulting number of serially complete daily time series for the western United States (all states west of the Mississippi River) includes 2034 maximum–minimum temperature stations and 2962 total daily precipitation locations.

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